Ijtihād

Mujtahid’s process of making a legal decision.

English

8. The Azhar University lost me for the position of rector …I am not sad!

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Article title: 
8. The Azhar University lost me for the position of rector …I am not sad!
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p.6
Date of source: 
October 16, 2003
Author: 
Bilal al-Dawwi
Article summary: 

The article is an interview with Dr. Abdel-Mo´ti Bayoumi. He comments on ijtihad, secularism and the legality of women issuing fatwas. He also comments on his expectation of being appointed rector of the Azhar University.

6. A leading Brotherhood figure presents a new vision: Democracy protects freedom and prevents monopoly of power

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6. A leading Brotherhood figure presents a new vision: Democracy protects freedom and prevents monopoly of power
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p.6
Date of source: 
October 18, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Salah
Article summary: 

The article presents the ideas of Dr. Abdel Monem Abu Al-Fotouh, a prominent Brotherhood member, concerning the renewal of the Islamic religious discourse. He states that this discourse is not holy, but simply a human ijtihad, which should be renewed from time to time.

13. The Shoukri Mustafa Group is back

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13. The Shoukri Mustafa Group is back
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p. 5
Date of source: 
October 12, 2003
Author: 
‘Abd al-Fattah ‘Abd al-Mun‘im
Article summary: 

Twelve members of the extremist Islamic group “Al-Takfir Wa Al-Higra” were recently seized. The group attempts to revive the activities of the old “Al-Takfir Wa Al-Higra” group led by Shukri Mustafa

11. Violent actions we carried out were illegitimate and they involve disregard for ma´asoum [branded unlawful to Muslims according to Sharia] blood and money

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11. Violent actions we carried out were illegitimate and they involve disregard for ma´asoum [branded unlawful to Muslims according to Sharia] blood and money
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p. 10
Date of source: 
October 14, 2003
Author: 
Not mentioned (Interview)
Article summary: 

The article is an overview of the answers the leaders of the Gama´a Al-Islamiya gave to four of the 30 questions directed to them concerning the initiative to renounce violence and the ijtihads it is based on.

11. Brotherhood leader resigns and attacks the Guidance Bureau

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11. Brotherhood leader resigns and attacks the Guidance Bureau
Article pages: 
p.7
Date of source: 
September 14, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Salah
Article summary: 

A crisis erupted in the Brotherhood group following the resignation of the Secretary of the Brotherhood Bureau in Port Said. His resignation came as an objection to the deterioration of the conditions of the group. He said that he could not continue working in a group that is against renewal and ijtihad and that does not welcome free intellectuals.

14. Al-Qaradawi calls for liberalizing religious discourse from the authority in the forum held in the Journalists Syndicate

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14. Al-Qaradawi calls for liberalizing religious discourse from the authority in the forum held in the Journalists Syndicate
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p. 9
Date of source: 
September 7, 2003
Author: 
Gharib al-Dumyati
Article summary: 

The writer follows up a seminar held in the Journalists Syndicate. In the seminar, Dr. Youssef Al-Qaradawi discussed the issue of religious discourse. He stated that Islam accepts the idea of renewing the religious discourse in accordance with global changes. But it is not acceptable for the US to impose a religious discourse upon Muslims.

28. Renewing fiqh...is it a call that has been expired or is it a call to mobilize fiqh production

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28. Renewing fiqh...is it a call that has been expired or is it a call to mobilize fiqh production
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p.18
Date of source: 
August 22, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Khayr ‘Awad Allah
Article summary: 

The author comments on the meaning of renewing the Islamic fiqh. He mentions three Muslim scholars as examples on how to renew the fiqh.

18. How many crimes are committed in relation to understanding [religious] texts

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18. How many crimes are committed in relation to understanding [religious] texts
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p.55
Date of source: 
August 1, 2003
Author: 
‘Abd al-Mu‘ti Bayyumi
Article summary: 

The author comments on how to understand a religious text in order to be able to give a right fatwa.

14. [The concept of] “Religious fundamentals known by necessity” is the sword leveled at anyone who makes ijtihad

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14. [The concept of] “Religious fundamentals known by necessity” is the sword leveled at anyone who makes ijtihad
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p.22
Date of source: 
August 5, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Shibl
Article summary: 

The author explains the concept of “Religious fundamentals that are known by necessity,” especially as it used a lot against any one who brings about a new ijtihad.

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