List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term
|Term Name||Term description|
Literally "our father." Orthodox, Catholic and Anglican addressed.
culture, or literature
Public call to prayer done five times day.
Free non-Muslim community that pay jizyah in exchange.
|Ahl al-Hal w al-ʿAqd||
Influential and learned elder people in Islam
“People of the Book.” Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
Group accepting only the authority of the Qur’an.
Working brother (the highest rank of membership within the Muslim Brotherhood)
“The people of the house of the Prophet.”
|Al-Azhar High Education|
Title for founder of Bahā’ī faith.
Affirmation of the literal truth in Islam
A criteria of hadith evaluation referring to the precision in memorization and writing of the muhaddith.
The sovereignty of God to govern.
al-Islām al-Ḥaḍārī (Civilisational Islam) is a concept that aims to combine Islamic / Qur'anic Law and the modern State to establish the Qur'an as the basis for political and social action
Miraculous night journey [al-isrā’] of the Prophet Muhammad.
An Islamic NGO
|al-jarḥ wa al-taʻdīl||
The process of, literally "accrediting" and "discrediting" by which Islamic scholars evaluate hadith.
The most important Shiite book on ḥadīth.
|Al-khat al-hamāyūny [Hamāyūny Decree]|
members of a group that appeared in the first century of Islam during the First Fitna, the crisis of leadership after the death of Muhammad. It broke into revolt against the authority of the Rashidun Caliph Ali after he agreed to arbitration with his rival, Muawiyah I, to decide the succession to the Caliphate following the Battle of Siffin (657). A Khariji later assassinated Ali, and for hundreds of years, the Khawarij were a source of insurrection against the Caliphate.
Palestinan refugees of 1948
Celebration commemorating the birthday of the Prophet.
The person that calls for prayer
Ummayad and Abbassid era school of Islamic thought which emphasized reason and rational thought in approaching Islamic theology. The movement was centered around Basra and Baghdad.
Palestinian refugees of 1967 (Jordanian point of view: those who fled during and in the aftermath of the 1967 war; Israeli point of view: those who fled just within the six days of the war)
|Al-Salâmu ’alaykum wa raḥmatu ’Allâhi wa Barakâtuh|
Lit: literalist. School of thought that rejects qiyas.
Criteria for evaluating hadith narrators (muhaddith) based on their morality and decorum.
Arabic term for “One God.” all monotheistic religions.
Title prince/leader Islamic group chosen by election.
Title of bishop/saint in Coptic Orthodox Church
another word for unclean, who are insulting for the Prophet Muhammad
|arkān al-Islām/ arkān al-dīn (Five Pillars of Islam)|
Title of major Shīcah clergymen - “sign of God.”
Religion, Persia 1863, emphasizing spiritual unity of humankind.
The balṭagīya, Baltageya in Egyptian dialect, is a term to refer to a group of mainly men who gather to attack people during demonstrations in order to produce turmoil. During the Arab spring demonstrations and in the aftermath balṭagīya were used - most presumably by both the state and different lobby groups - to influence the dynamics of demonstrations, to (sexually) threaten women in order to prevent them from participating and to accuse the respectively other side of inciting violence.
Muslim's treasury during the reign of Islamic caliphs.
Outdated, husband’s house, woman return, cases unlawful desertion.
Allegiance to Islamic political system/Islamic Caliphate.