44. Religious instead of national university

Article summary: 


author discusses Muslim-

Christian unity in Egypt from Byzantine times until the current era, arguing that

patriotism has been

replaced by religious affiliations.

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The writer presents the historical incidents in Muslim-


relationships in Egypt.
He starts with Roman times, when Christians were closely related to the

church which was mainly involved in religious teachings and had nothing to do with politics, except


They confronted the Roman state until they got their right of citizenship.
The writer

turned to the era of

1919 revolution, in which the concept of the "National University" was aroused for its

first time and Egyptians

were all gathered under one slogan "Religion is for Allāh, home is for

Then, the July

1952 revolution came with new ideas that support the poor, both Muslims and

Christians, against feudalism. Although

some people accused the revolution of ending Christians’ political

days, historically relations between the

government and the church were very good.
During the era of

al-Sadāt, religious movements were

encouraged to participate in politics. As a result two competing

trends developed, the Muslim Brotherhood and the

Coptic nation movement [Umma al-

The writer ended with Mubarāk’s era saying

that, although Mubarāk believes

in the role played by the church, outer variables has given American

organizations the opportunity to

interfere with Muslim-Christian relations in Egypt. As a result the church has two

different trends, one

refuses external interference in its affairs and the other supports the external defense of

their rights.

Egyptians have ended up belonging more to religious organizations than to their own home, and

national unity

is now exclusively for television shows.

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