10. A test of judgment day in academic research

Article summary: 

The crisis of the Takfīr

thesis caused by an Azhar researcher resulted in serious

discussions about the reality of academic life in

Egypt. The author of the article criticizes the Azhar’s

passiveness before the facility of judging people’s


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Following the Azhar thesis that declared Rose al-

Yūsuf Kāfir entitled,

‘Rose al-Yūsuf wa tawajjuhātuhā fī

mīzān al-Islām,’ [Rose

al-Yūsuf and its Orientations in the Scale of Islām] many

articles, research papers and other

writings appeared discussing issues “in the scale of Islām.” Author Mahmūd

Khalīl expresses

that this is contracting Islām to a limited entity where people claim their own opinions

and convictions

considering them to be Islām itself.
Such people are authorizing themselves to judge that

which is

God’s authority alone. Khalīl expressed his astonishment to the Azhar University’s silence


the title of the thesis, and as such becoming the first academic institution in Egypt to authorize


people’s faith and religious affiliation.
Khalīl expressed that an individual can have his or

her personal concept and understanding of Islām; however, the danger is when an entire institution adopts


person’s viewpoint and lacks objectivity, especially in academic issues.
He then referred to

the degrading

level of academic life in Egypt, asserting that that the thesis defense sessions turned into

mere ceremonies

without any real academic value. Furthermore, many professors do not like participating in

these sessions because

of the poor financial income resulting from them. He also referred to the lack of

objectivity in the sessions of

discussing the thesis.

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