Husām Tammām writes about the Muslim Brotherhood and its global organization.
The changes which the Muslim Brotherhood has undergone that led to modifying their concepts regarding the khilāfah have led to the change of its global organization that is meant to be the political pillar for their project of establishing the Islamic state. When people talk about the global organization of the Muslim Brotherhood, their words imply a legendary idea that this organization is in full control of the local Muslim Brotherhood groups in different countries. People believe that this organization is leading local ones through a unified policy that aims at attaining a single target. However, a recent study of the organization and the changes that took place in the last decade tells otherwise.
The global organization of the Muslim Brotherhood was formulated in the late 1970’s by members of the first generation of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. This first generation, including Mustafá Mashhū, Kamāl al-Sananirī and Nafīs Hammād, was inspired by the idea of the establishment of an Islamic state. Beginning in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s, they managed to form a scattered organization all through the world, especially in the Gulf area and in Europe. At last, they announced their official establishment in May, 1982. The popularity of the global organization continued to increase during the 1980s and the 1990s. However, the nature of the changes that took place among the groups reveals that the global organization is now nothing but a powerless memory:
In the mid 1990s, the Muslims Brotherhood in Algeria [which was called Hamās, then Hams decided to nominate its leader Shaykh Maḥfūz Nihnāh to become president of the republic; the highest position a Muslim Brotherhood member ever attained. The decision was taken by the Algerian local Muslim Brotherhood group in consultation with leaders of the global organization. Next, the local organization in Iraq, known as the Islamic Party, decided to participate in the transitional Iraqi Governing Council headed by Paul Bremer, representative of the U.S. forces in Iraq, without consulting the global organization. This was followed by the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood organization accusing the Iraqi one of apostasy; a comment that was ignored by Mahdī ‘Akif, the general guide of the organization. Since then, the organization’s general policy became not to interfere in the decisions of the local groups.
It has become clear that the main concerns of the local organizations of the Muslim Brotherhood have been, and still are, related to national aims that are far away from the global dimension.