26. Roots of fitnah tā’ifiyah … Reasons and solutions

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Al-Wafd interviews Dr. Ahmad Jamāl Abū al-Majd asking about reasons and solutions for fitnah in Egypt. 
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Q. What happened to the Egyptians concerning this issue?
A. If there is poverty, there is apostasy. Apostasy leads to a dismissal of ethics and values, as well as continuous anger.
Q. Is this happening in Egypt now?
A. When a virus attacks a body that disease will spread. This is what is happening in Egypt presently. There are problems all over the country due to the increase in population, absence of health care, and deterioration of education. All these conditions caused a disruption in our ethics and values.
Q. Being the president of the National Council for Human Rights, do you think the Council has a role in facing these changes? Do you think its role is limited to writing reports only?
A. The issue of Human rights is a global issue that attracts international interest. There is a strong relationship between the spiritual and mental conditions of citizens, and their loyalty to the society. We need to send a message to 80 million Egyptians, asking them to return home. The Egyptian citizen is detached from his homeland.
Q. Most constitutional experts say that the Egyptian constitution is shredded, and that there are a lot of articles that need to be changed. What do you think?
A. There are several articles the need amending. There are, however, new articles that could be applied to our society.
Q. What do you think of the idea of a parliamentary state called for by al-Wafd party?
A. This system is successfully applied in other countries. The US for example has a presidential system, while the UK has a parliamentary one. Both countries are successful. The key here is that these nations are serious about their governments, while we are not. The Egyptian citizen has become the biggest liar on earth.
Q. What do you think of the recent sectarian incidents taking place all over Egypt?
A. There was an MP called Lewis Akhnūkh Fānūs. He was one of the most prominent political figures in Egypt. Egypt also used to send the Ka‘bah cloth every year to Saudi Arabia. When asked about his attitude toward this Egyptian policy, as a Christian,   he said that he was neither Christian nor Muslim, that he was representative of the whole nation. Leaders of al-Wafd Party supported Lewis because this was the true understanding of citizenship.
In general, a large part of sectarian tension can be attributed to social and psychological reasons. Everyone is angry, and the common religious discourse needs a lot of revisions because Christianity is a religion of love, and Islam is one of peace.
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