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Dīyah

Financial compensation (or blood-money) for injuries/death.

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6. AWR Daily Overview, March 19, 2012: Egypt bids farewell to Pope Shenouda III

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Article title: 
6. AWR Daily Overview, March 19, 2012: Egypt bids farewell to Pope Shenouda III
Date of source: 
March 19, 2012
Author: 
'Amr al-Misrī
Summary
Article summary: 

Egypt, the Arab world and the international community will pay last respects on Tuesday (March 20) to Coptic Orthodox Pope Shenouda III, who died at the age of 89 on Saturday (March 17), after a celebrated life of achievements in the service of the nation. [Ashraf Sādiq, al-Ahrām, March 19, p. 1] Read original text in Arabic

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23. AWR Daily Overview, January 10, 2012: High treason, killing protesters charges could lead Mubārak to the gallows

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Article title: 
23. AWR Daily Overview, January 10, 2012: High treason, killing protesters charges could lead Mubārak to the gallows
Date of source: 
January 10, 2012
Author: 
‘Amr al-Misrī
Summary
Article summary: 

Lawyers of the martyrs’ families called for applying “the severest penalty” – execution – against ousted President Husnī Mubārak, his sons Jamāl and ‘Alā’, former interior minister Habīb al-‘Ādlī and six of his top aides on charges of involvement in killing demonstrators during the January 25, 2011 upheaval. [‘Isām Milījī, Khālid Abū al-‘Iz, Samīrah ‘Alī ‘Ayyād and ‘Amr ‘Alī al-Fār, al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, Jan. 10, p. 1] read original text in Arabic

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17. Clarification of the fatwa about the legal position of American-Muslim military men

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Article title: 
17. Clarification of the fatwa about the legal position of American-Muslim military men
Article pages: 
P.11
Date of source: 
October 29, 2001
Author: 
Fahmi Huwaydi
Summary
Article summary: 

The fatwa concerning the legal position of Muslim-American military men with regard to participating in the American attacks on Afghanistan was issued before the start of the attacks. However, because it reached American-Muslim military men after the war had started it was wrongly understood to support the war and the killing of Muslim Afghans-something completely untrue, especially in view of the fact that the scholars who issued the fatwa had declared their rejection of the war.

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30. Persecuted Christians? Documentation of an International Conference

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Article title: 
30. Persecuted Christians? Documentation of an International Conference
Date of source: 
Autumn 2002
Author: 
Not mentioned
Summary
Article summary: 

Different reports on whether or not Christians in Islamic countries are persecuted: 30.1 Hermann Schalück OFM
Persecuted Christians? Introduction
30.2 Johannes Müller SJ
Religious Freedom - Aspirations and Reality
Reflections on the Complex Relationship between Christians and Muslims
30.3 Theodor Kampschulte, Case Study of Indonesia
30.4 Edmund Chia FSC, Case Study of Malaysia
30.5 Norris Nawab PBVM, Case Study of Pakistan
30.6 Antoine Audo SJ, Case Study of Syria
30.7 Guy-Paul Noujaim, Case Study of Lebanon
30.8 Louis Sako, Case Study of Iraq
30.9 Cornelis Hulsman, Case Study of Egypt
30.10 Josef Stamer MA, Case Study of West Africa
30.11 George Ehusani, Case Study of Nigeria

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24. The confessions of the terrorist who conspired against his country until his last breath

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Article title: 
24. The confessions of the terrorist who conspired against his country until his last breath
Article pages: 
P.14&15
Date of source: 
December 15-21, 2001
Author: 
Karam Jabr
Summary
Article summary: 

The article gives an overview of the terrorist actions Ayman Al-Zawahri and his followers committed in Egypt. It also speaks about the reasons that led Al-Zawahri to blow up the Egyptian embassy in Pakistan.

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1. No politics in religion

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1. No politics in religion
Article pages: 
P.51-53
Date of source: 
December 15-21, 2001
Author: 
Muhammad Sa‘id al-‘Ashmawi
Summary
Article summary: 

Associating religion with a certain regime or institution wrongs religion and turns it into a mere temporary and worldly formula that stops at personal conflicts and financial interests. True religion does not focus on establishing regimes but cares in the first place about planting the true faith in the hearts of people.

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11. The fatwa of deceivers in the legality of killing Muslims

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Article title: 
11. The fatwa of deceivers in the legality of killing Muslims
Article pages: 
P.12-13
Date of source: 
November 17-23, 2001
Author: 
‘Abd Allah Kamal
Summary
Article summary: 

The book "The New Crusader War" mentioned a fatwa to the effect that if the murderer of the innocent people in America is a Muslim, he has to pay half the diyya [compensation money] to the families of murdered Muslims and nothing more. Usama Bin Laden expressed the same opinion when he was asked why he agreed with the September 11 events although hundreds of Muslims were killed.

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1. Islamic theological questions regarding the victims of air crashes

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Article title: 
1. Islamic theological questions regarding the victims of air crashes
Article pages: 
3
Date of source: 
August 31, 2000
Author: 
Zakari al-Shinnawi and Amal Muhammad
Summary
Article summary: 

Subtitles:

*Why they are considered martyrs and how will they be resurrected?
*Compensation for death, when is it acceptable under Islam?

Deaths due to accidents involving airplanes and ships provoke more than one question for Islamic legislation. How, why and when are victims considered to be martyrs by God?
Is their reward equal to that of those who lay down their lives in the name of God?
And what of compensation from the Islamic viewpoint, can the "Diya"(a term used for money paid out to compensate for a wrongful death under Islamic law) replace regular compensation?. All these questions are answered in this article.

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