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Ijtihād

Mujtahid’s process of making a legal decision.

English

13. The Shoukri Mustafa Group is back

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13. The Shoukri Mustafa Group is back
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p. 5
Date of source: 
October 12, 2003
Author: 
‘Abd al-Fattah ‘Abd al-Mun‘im
Summary
Article summary: 

Twelve members of the extremist Islamic group “Al-Takfir Wa Al-Higra” were recently seized. The group attempts to revive the activities of the old “Al-Takfir Wa Al-Higra” group led by Shukri Mustafa

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11. Violent actions we carried out were illegitimate and they involve disregard for ma´asoum [branded unlawful to Muslims according to Sharia] blood and money

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11. Violent actions we carried out were illegitimate and they involve disregard for ma´asoum [branded unlawful to Muslims according to Sharia] blood and money
Article pages: 
p. 10
Date of source: 
October 14, 2003
Author: 
Not mentioned (Interview)
Summary
Article summary: 

The article is an overview of the answers the leaders of the Gama´a Al-Islamiya gave to four of the 30 questions directed to them concerning the initiative to renounce violence and the ijtihads it is based on.

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11. Brotherhood leader resigns and attacks the Guidance Bureau

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11. Brotherhood leader resigns and attacks the Guidance Bureau
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p.7
Date of source: 
September 14, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Salah
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A crisis erupted in the Brotherhood group following the resignation of the Secretary of the Brotherhood Bureau in Port Said. His resignation came as an objection to the deterioration of the conditions of the group. He said that he could not continue working in a group that is against renewal and ijtihad and that does not welcome free intellectuals.

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14. Al-Qaradawi calls for liberalizing religious discourse from the authority in the forum held in the Journalists Syndicate

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14. Al-Qaradawi calls for liberalizing religious discourse from the authority in the forum held in the Journalists Syndicate
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p. 9
Date of source: 
September 7, 2003
Author: 
Gharib al-Dumyati
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The writer follows up a seminar held in the Journalists Syndicate. In the seminar, Dr. Youssef Al-Qaradawi discussed the issue of religious discourse. He stated that Islam accepts the idea of renewing the religious discourse in accordance with global changes. But it is not acceptable for the US to impose a religious discourse upon Muslims.

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28. Renewing fiqh...is it a call that has been expired or is it a call to mobilize fiqh production

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28. Renewing fiqh...is it a call that has been expired or is it a call to mobilize fiqh production
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p.18
Date of source: 
August 22, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Khayr ‘Awad Allah
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The author comments on the meaning of renewing the Islamic fiqh. He mentions three Muslim scholars as examples on how to renew the fiqh.

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18. How many crimes are committed in relation to understanding [religious] texts

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18. How many crimes are committed in relation to understanding [religious] texts
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p.55
Date of source: 
August 1, 2003
Author: 
‘Abd al-Mu‘ti Bayyumi
Summary
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The author comments on how to understand a religious text in order to be able to give a right fatwa.

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14. [The concept of] “Religious fundamentals known by necessity” is the sword leveled at anyone who makes ijtihad

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14. [The concept of] “Religious fundamentals known by necessity” is the sword leveled at anyone who makes ijtihad
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p.22
Date of source: 
August 5, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Shibl
Summary
Article summary: 

The author explains the concept of “Religious fundamentals that are known by necessity,” especially as it used a lot against any one who brings about a new ijtihad.

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7. Purifying contemporary Islam from political perversion…the duty of scholars to save ijtihad from the hands of “terrorist muftis”

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7. Purifying contemporary Islam from political perversion…the duty of scholars to save ijtihad from the hands of “terrorist muftis”
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p.20
Date of source: 
July 17, 2003
Author: 
Bassam al-Jasir
Summary
Article summary: 

The author comments on the problem of terrorism and how to solve it. He believes that the wars, which took place between the West and Muslims in the last two years, created a common realization of the reasons behind religious-disguised terrorism. They also created a new perspective of how to end it. He believes that the best solution is to save ijtihad from the hands of the followers of Bin Laden, Ayman Al-Zawahri, Sayyed Qotb and the likes

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15. Analyzing the phenomenon of Amr Khalid needs a multi-angled perspective and not only a hierarchal one

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15. Analyzing the phenomenon of Amr Khalid needs a multi-angled perspective and not only a hierarchal one
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p.10
Date of source: 
July 7, 2003
Author: 
Muhammad Ibrahim Mabruk
Summary
Article summary: 

The author comments on an article by Ayda Al-Gohari titled “The phenomenon of Amr Khalid…the preacher of rich people who look for a meaning [in life].” He believes that the analysis of Ayda is dominated by a secular, Marxist point of view – which led her to concentrate on the effect of the religious discourse of Khalid on consolidating social class differences in society.

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