Apostasy from Islam.
The Judiciary Administrative Court has ruled that Christians who converted to Islam are not allowed to re-convert to Christianity. The court refuses to allow 45 Christians to change the entry of religion on their identity cards and other official documentary into Christianity, but to leave Islam as their religion. Christian thinkers have denounced the ruling, believing it violates article one of the Constitution and the principle of citizenship. However, Muslim scholars have hailed it, urging to kill them as murtadds.
Wafā’ Shu‘ayrah reports on the lawsuits filed by Islamized Christians who want to convert back to Christianity.
Many scholars from all Islamic denominations insist that apostates should be sentenced to death although many of the Qur’ānic texts clearly assert the importance of freedom of thought and belief.
The report released by the US Commission for International Religious Freedom is considered by the Egyptian press to be one of the most critical reports by an American organization because it represents serious interference in Egyptian domestic affairs, especially in terms of education. Journalists writing in the local press were skeptical of the true motives of the Commission and regarded the report with extreme doubt.
The author reviews two books about the issue of apostacy which has been discussed extensively. The first book is titled ?Al-Sawa?ek al-elaheya fi al-rad ala al-Wahabiya? [Divine thunders in answering the Wahhābī movement] which is one hundred years old, while the second book is titled “la ikrah fi al-deen” [No compulsion in religion].
Ministry of Interior has refused to allow 150 Christian converts to Islam, who later returned to Christianity, to change the religious data on their identity cards back to Christianity. Kamal Zākhir Mousa argues that an extremist wing of the political elite is trying to link citizenship to religion in a way that threatens Egypt’s security.
The Egyptian minister of interior, Major General Habīb al- ‘Ādlī, has submitted a memorandum to the Administrative Judicial Court, calling for the dismissal of the lawsuits filed by 150 Copts, who embraced Islam and afterwards decided to convert back to Christianity, and accusing the converts of igniting sectarian sedition and threatening the national unity of Egypt.
The Middle East Media Research Institute
(MEMRI) issued a report titled "Egypt’s Al-Azhar Clerics: We declare war on America," The title implies that many
if not most Azhar scholars declared war on America. Dr. Abdel Mo’ti Bayoumi stressed that this was certainly not
true. He said that the report mentioned six scholars, two of whom have nothing to do with the Azhar and another
four who did not have the authority to speak on behalf of the Azhar.
Christians who convert to Islam then change their minds and want to return to Christianity face legal problems concerning the religion category on their national identity cards.
The author discusses the different notions of ‘ridda’ and ideas of the punishment of the apostate as they appear in the Holy Qur’ān and the hadīths.