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Takfīr

Claiming someone denies a belief or an ideology.

English

13. The man who interviewed the sheikhs of takfir and provocation in Saudi Arabia said their retractions have undermined takfir-based ideology

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13. The man who interviewed the sheikhs of takfir and provocation in Saudi Arabia said their retractions have undermined takfir-based ideology
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pp. 1,12
Date of source: 
December 30, 2003
Author: 
Mirza al-Khawalidi
Summary
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In an interview with Al-Sharq Al-Awsat, Sheikh A´id Qurani said that "sheikhs of takfir" renounced their old thoughts of their own free will and not under any pressure. He believes that the retreat of those sheikhs has delivered a blow to the heart of takfir-based ideology.

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5. The game of fatwas in the current Arab peninsula scene: What will follow after Saudi jurists of takfir renounce fatwas?

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5. The game of fatwas in the current Arab peninsula scene: What will follow after Saudi jurists of takfir renounce fatwas?
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p.3
Date of source: 
December 16, 2003
Author: 
Dr. Thanaa Fou´ad Abdullah
Summary
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The article deals with the matter of issuing fatwas. The author calls it the “game of fatwas” and believes it is the most serious catastrophe the Islamic nation has ever suffered from. These fatwas permit killing and destruction and then turn to the opposite direction to advocate tolerance and moderation, after an interval of making apologies and expressing regret. He gives the fatwas issued in Saudi Arabia as an example.

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15. Expired fatwas that are out of time and place, hitting the calls of takfir [accusation of unbelief]

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15. Expired fatwas that are out of time and place, hitting the calls of takfir [accusation of unbelief]
Article pages: 
p.5
Date of source: 
December 10, 2003
Author: 
Nabil Zaki
Summary
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These days, Saudi Arabia is witnessing very important discussions that focus on the question: to what extent is the domestic religious discourse responsible for terrorist actions and takfir fatwas? These discussions also address whether Sheikh Al-Khoudar and Sheikh Al-Fahd´s renouncement of the bloody fatwas they previously released is to counteract and curb religious extremism.

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13. Muslims´ terrorization of each other is the product of the marketable trade of strife

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13. Muslims´ terrorization of each other is the product of the marketable trade of strife
Article pages: 
p.15
Date of source: 
December 15, 2003
Author: 
Not mentioned
Summary
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There are two types of terrorism, a terrorism that is practiced against Muslim and terrorism Muslims practice. The terrorism practiced against Muslim is an old one as it started by strong polytheists when the Islamic Da´wa was in the bud. Later, it took different forms such as crusades, sectarian strives, missionaries, and ethnic and religious discriminations. The terrorism Muslims practice against each other starts with takfir [accusation with unbelief] and ends with destruction and bombings.

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4. Takfir is a weapon of mass destruction

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4. Takfir is a weapon of mass destruction
Article pages: 
p.92
Date of source: 
December 6-12, 2003
Author: 
‘Ali Salim
Summary
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The Azhar decided to ban Dr. Nasr Hamid Abu Zeid´s book “Al-Khetab Wa Al-Ta´weel” [Discourse and Interpretation], allegedly because it challenge two main pillars of Islam: monotheism and the [divine] preservation of the Qur´an. The author comments that this argument indicates accusing Abu Zeid of kufr [unbelief], which he describes as a weapon of mass destruction. He believes that the whole issue is one of professional jealousy, as both Dr. Emara, the examiner, and Dr. Abu Zeid, the examined, work in the field of religious thinking. It is a conflict of fame that has acquired a destructive dimension.

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15. Slaughter and you will be rewarded…Kill an infidel and you will go to paradise, the cost of the fatwas of takfir in Egypt and Saudi Arabia

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15. Slaughter and you will be rewarded…Kill an infidel and you will go to paradise, the cost of the fatwas of takfir in Egypt and Saudi Arabia
Article pages: 
pp. 16-17
Date of source: 
November 29- December 5, 2003
Author: 
Wa´el Al-Ibrashy
Summary
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The slogan which the takfir-based groups were raising is “Kill and you will be rewarded…kill an unbeliever and you will go to paradise.” The kufar were once said to be the ruler and senior officials, another time they were said to be police officers and soldiers, tourists and Copts, a third time they were intellectuals, thinkers and artists. The ideology of takfir developed to the extent of accusing the whole nation of unbelief. The defeats of the takfir movement in Saudi Arabia and Egypt should be investigated in order to put an end to all negative ideological phenomena.

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14. A fatal strike to extremist groups: Yes, our fatwas are devilish, the Saudi sheikhs of Takfir say

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14. A fatal strike to extremist groups: Yes, our fatwas are devilish, the Saudi sheikhs of Takfir say
Article pages: 
pp. 14,15
Date of source: 
November 29- December 5, 2003
Author: 
Husam ‘Abd al-Hadi
Summary
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The author believes that the latest bloody and hideous bombings in Riyadh have some positive aspects. Sheikhs specialized in “terrorism fatwas” renounced their “devilish” opinions that have led to bloody massacres perpetrated by terrorists who claimed to lift the banner of Jihad. Among the most prominent of those sheikhs are Sheikh Ali Al-Khoudar and Nasr Hamd Al-Fahd. Both sheikhs can be looked at as the spiritual mentors of takfir-oriented terrorist groups in Saudi Arabia.

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2. When will the Azhar apologize for fatwas of takfir [blasphemy]?

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2. When will the Azhar apologize for fatwas of takfir [blasphemy]?
Article pages: 
p.12
Date of source: 
December 1, 2003
Author: 
Wa´el Abdel Fatah
Summary
Article summary: 

The writer criticizes a decision issued by the Islamic Research Institute to ban a book of Dr. Nasr Abu Zeid, titled “Al-Khittab Wa Al-Ta’weel” [Discourse and Interpretation]. The writer believes that the opinion of the Azhar should be consultative and fatwas of its sheikhs should neither be obligatory nor final.

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19. No prophet would call for violence

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19. No prophet would call for violence
Article pages: 
p. 11
Date of source: 
October 27, 2003
Author: 
Not mentioned
Summary
Article summary: 

The article discusses the Islamic attitude vis-à-vis war and violence. He writes that Islam does not call for violence. Islam was not revealed in order to eliminate kufar [plural of kafir, meaning an infidel or an unbeliever] but to get rid of kufr [infidelity and unbelief] among people--therefore it calls for preserving people´s lives regardless of their beliefs.

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6. Deputy-founder of the Egyptian Wasat Party: Peaceful Islamic movements bear responsibility for extremism as they do not criticize the views adopted by violent groups…Abu Al-Ela Madi to Asharq Al-Awsat: The Brotherhood group practices a policy without c

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6. Deputy-founder of the Egyptian Wasat Party: Peaceful Islamic movements bear responsibility for extremism as they do not criticize the views adopted by violent groups…Abu Al-Ela Madi to Asharq Al-Awsat: The Brotherhood group practices a policy without confessing that it is a political group
Article pages: 
p.14
Date of source: 
October 5, 2003
Author: 
Nawwaf al-Qadimi
Summary
Article summary: 

The writer interviews Abu Al-Ela Madi, Deputy of the founding members of the Wasat Party. He discusses Islamic movements, anti-terrorism campaigns, explains religious extremism, and the project of the Wasat Party.

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