Egypt's government announced its refusal of the United States Department of State’s report on global religious freedom, considering the issue not within their purview and saying that the report is unacceptable “in principle.” The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that Egypt refuses countries assuming the role of supervisor on other independent countries, stressing that each country is able to best understand and deal with its own problems.
Key Words: United States Department of State – Husām Zakī – The United Nations
Muhammad criticizes the general attitude towards the annual International Religious Freedom report issued by the United States Department of State, which was called by most people an audacious intervention in local affairs. He says that the issue of human rights is not a local issue, but a global one. Even though America is not in charge of Egypt, the Egyptian government does need to reform itself and stop complaining about being criticized.
Key Words: United States Department of State - Religious Freedom
Du‘ā’ talks about the mixed reactions amongst the ecclesial society regarding the annual report issued by the United States Department of State. The report heavily criticized religious freedom in Egypt because of the government’s alleged discrimination against Christians and Bahā’īs. The report was praised by some as an eye opener for the Egyptian government to reconsider the way it treats minorities, and was condemned by others as foreign intervention in local affairs looking to cause fitnah.
Key Words: Jamāl As‘ad – Kamāl Zākhir – Najīb Jabrā’īl
Egyptian opinions varied on the annual International Religious Freedom report issued by the United States Department of State. The report claims that that minorities, such as Copts and Bahā’īs, are regularly discriminated against. Coptic activist Najīb Jabrā’īl praised the report and said that the amount of discrimination that is reported is even less than the real amount. The former head of the Egyptian Union for Human Rights, Dr. Ahmad Kamāl Abū al-Majd, called upon the nation’s leading thinkers to find a way to adopt the “citizenship principle” and to reinforce the idea of a civil state. However, various Azhar scholars insisted that the report's claims weren't true. They added that the report’s primary purpose is to create fitnah tā’ifīyah and undermine Egypt’s security and stability.
Key Words: Najīb Jabrā’īl - Dr. Ahmad Kamāl Abū al-Majd – Azhar - Shaykh Farahāt al-Minjī – Dr. Muhammad ‘Abd al-Mun‘im al-Birrī
The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom is worried that the Egyptian media and state-funded mosques are increasingly encouraging sectarian violence in Egypt. In particular, USCIRF Chair Leonard Leo expressed his concern over sectarian violence against minorities, especially Christians. He called upon the Egyptian government to stop discrimination against non-Muslims and Muslim minorities, such as Qur'ānists.
Key Words: U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom – Leonard Leo
The article says that Egypt received the lowest mark in religious freedom according to the International Religious Freedom report issued by the United States Department of State. The report criticized the government’s discrimination against Copts in particular, along with Bahā’īs and Shiites. The report also criticized the government’s continuous failure to issue a unified law for building places of worship. Anti-Semitism in the media was also addressed. The report also praised President Muhammad Husnī Mubārak’s speech last January in which he said that causers of fitnah tā’ifīyah have no place in a secular state. The report criticized various European countries for suppressing Muslims.
Key Words: United States Department of State - President Muhammad Husnī Mubārak – Naj‘ Hammādī – Hillary Clinton – Michal Posner
For the first time in history, all three Egyptian Churches welcomed the American Religious Freedom report, which states that Christians are discriminated against in Egypt. The report places Egypt in the "Black List” for ignoring previous criticism. Leaders of different denominations (besides Sunni Islam), are quoted as supporting the report and giving examples of how they are discriminated against.
Key Words: Pope Shenouda III - Dr. Safwat al-Bayādī – Father Rafīq Greish – Kamāl Zākhir – Dr. Ra’ūf Hindī – Dr. Ahmad Rāsim al-Nafīs
The Azhar spokesperson Muhammad Rafā‘ah al-Tahtāwī announced that an official statement will be issued today in response to the Danish foreign minister’s reluctance to apologize for the cartoons offending Islam and its prophet Muhammad. The Azhar media spokesman Mahmūd ‘Abd al-Jawwād, said that he expressed the Danish Prime Minister’s disapproval of the cartoons, yet did not apologize.
Key Words: Muhammad Rafā‘ah al-Tahtāwī – The Azhar – Denmark – Muhammad (Prophet) – Mahmūd ‘Abd al-Jawwād
At an event held by the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, Dr. Ali Gomaa explained that according to Islam, people are free to believe in whichever religion they choose. He said that according to the Koran, apostasy is punishable by God alone on judgment day.
Key Words: Grand Mufti - Ali Gomaa - Mohamed Shaker - President of The Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs - Dr.Magdi Yacoub - The Magdi Yacoub Heart Foundation