Since Frederick Taylor (1856 – 1915) established the concept of scientific management and published it in 1911, he asserted that the main goal of management is to achieve luxury and success in different sectors of the foundation. Based on this notion, Taylor established the idea of a scientific school where it would increase production through following a scientific system of technical training, and work analysis.
Bishāy then moves on to the idea that the religious institution is an institution that needs human management away from its spiritual and humanistic message. “However, wrong management, missing a clear goal, absence of vision, and miscommunication between administrators and people, all result in a huge state of chaos,” Midhat Bishāy says.
The August 1994 issue of Madaris al-Ahad magazine showed a good example of church media that was fostered by the Orthodox Church. In this edition, Dr. Sulaymān Nasīm wrote the editorial under the title of ‘al-Usus al-‘Ilimiyah li al-Idārah al-Kansīyah’ [Scientific Principles for Church Management]. He defines management as a way of providing a number of concepts, systems and methods for organizing work and coordination within the church bodies.
“The question now is: where does the church now stand toward these principles?” Bishāy wonders. He then adds that management experts argue that in order to attain successful management, the foundation should be regarded as a system that has its inputs and outputs.
The second element is the psychological one. Once leaders are trusted, success will be attained. This means spreading the spirit of democracy and the principle of dialogue among officials in order to be able to know where the weak points and strong ones are.