The author refers to the support of Bishop Besenti of Helwan and al-Ma‘sarah for the nomination of Jamāl Mubārak for the presidential elections, due to be held in 2011. The bishop states that Jamāl will follow in the footsteps of his father, President Husnī Mubārak, and will keep Egypt a civil state. The author states that the bishop’s claim of a civil state cannot be achieved while the Orthodox Church still reject civil judgments by courts concerning some of the church affairs such as marriage. Although the author points out that Copts need support in obtaining their rights of citizenship without discrimination, he rejects the support of clergymen to a specific political trend.
On another note, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz refers to a bargain between the Muslim Brotherhood and the regime to settle some issues in return for being allowed to sit in parliament. The author states that one finds it difficult to understand these bargains between the regime and religious groups and he calls for the creation of a real, rather than supposed, civil state.