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20. Press Review: Three days following Maspero's Oct. 9 bloodshed

Citation
Article title: 
20. Press Review: Three days following Maspero's Oct. 9 bloodshed
Year: 
2011
Week: 
41
Article number: 
20
Date of source: 
October 10-13, 2011
Author: 
Diana Maher Ghali
Text
Article summary: 

Clashes erupted between the military and the Copts during the latters' protests off the state TV building in Maspero, on October 9, 2011, leaving nearly 24 Copts dead and 212 others injured. Some reports mentioned the death of three army soldiers and 100 others injured.

 

Article full text: 

On September 30, 2011, Muslims demolished Saint George Church in the village of Mārīnab, Idfū town in Aswan governorate and burned two warehouses and four houses, all owned by Copts.

Other reports suggests that the attack was on a guest house adjacent to the church that Copts were trying to turn into a church without an official license [Ahram online, September 30, 2011].

According to Ahram Online [September 30, 2011], clashes between Muslims and Christians erupted approximately a week before Maspero's incidents but Aswan Governor Major General Mustafá al-Sayīd assured that it was under control.

However, AWR published an article on September 7, 2011 by Nādir Shukrī from Watanī [Click here] that suggests that the clashes started on September 7, 2011 when Muslims besieged Coptic homes, threatened them, warned about revenge and pledged to demolish their Church on Friday, September 9, 2011.

Protests have been demanding the removal of al-Sayīd but he denied rumors about his resignation and considered the Maspero incidents not directly related to Aswan's church attack, according al-Jumhūrīyah, page 1, October 11, 2011 [the article has no link online].

Read our special report about Aswan church and background information about the origin of the problem.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd [October 11, 201], Copts started protesting on October 4, 2011 off Maspero when the military dispersed them violently. On AWR, October 5, 2011, Military Police on Wednesday morning forcibly evacuated hundreds of Coptic demonstrators from the area outside the state TV building in Maspero, where they were protesting an assault on an Aswan church.

Read AWR's press review of October 5 and 6 newspapers about Maspero's attacks.

After October 9, 2011 clashes between the military and Copts erupted, in al-Shurūq al-Jadīd [October 11, 201], ten thousands persons attended the funeral of seven out of 25 Copts who died in the clashes, in Saint Mark Cathedral in the Cairo district of al-'Abāsīyah, where Coptic Orthodox Pope Shenouda III and many other Bishops attended.

Another funeral is anticipated for the rest of victims whose bodies are still in the morgue for autopsy upon the Public Prosecutor's decision.

In al-Ahrām, page 1, October 12, 2011, number of victims reached 52 deaths and more than 923 injuries. Members of the prosecution went to take the testimonies of the injured in hospitals. Investigations revealed that the main cause of death varied but one decapitated body was found, adding the head appeared to have been severed by a machete or a cleaver.

While in al-Ahrām, page 1, October 12, 2011, the Senior Forensic Coroner said that the Forensic Authority finished the autopsy of the bodies and all them were identified by their families. Moreover, the Authority was handed a body of one of the soldiers in the Central Security (or anti-riot) Forces who took a bullet in his head. [Reviewer’s Note: News story was also mentioned in al-Ahrām October 13, 2011]

However, in al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 12, 2011, Jūrjī denied that the report is finished and said that it will be finalized on October 27, 2011.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, October 12, 2011, Coptic Orthodox Church decided to bury the Maspero victims beneath the altar of Archangel Church in 6th of October City to join the victims of the Imbābah church. In the second funeral of the remaining 17 victims on 12 am, October 10, 2011, Bishop Yu'annis, Pope Shenouda III's Secretary and General Bishop, said that Copts' blood is crying out from the ground to God asking for punishment and he related the story of Abel and Cain in the Bible, "When Cain killed his brother Abel, he thought he could run away and hide from God, but God vowed to take revenge to Abel's blood."

The funeral started as a rally from Ramsīs Street by thousands of Copts and hundreds of Muslims ended at the Cathedral. Then from the Cathedral to Tahrīr square, thugs attacked the protesters and pelted rocks at them, some of the protesters left for their homes while others continued in their rally with zero security presence.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd [October 11, 201], clashes erupted between Copts and Muslims right outside the Coptic Hospital during a Coptic protest condemning what happened.

In page 4, a Coptic Hospital receptionist said that the hospital received 17 dead Copts and 72 others injured. The receptionist also added that a plain-clothed soldier attacked the hospital but she had no evidence.

While in al-Jumhūrīyah, page 5, October 11, 2011, the army protected protesters off the Coptic Hospital when clashes erupted between Copts and Muslims and that is how the army have always been "revolution protector" and what happened in Maspero was an attempt to drive a wedge between the army and the people.

Political parties and movements staged a solidarity protest in front of the Coptic Hospital to support the victims' families.

The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) affirmed that the election will take place as scheduled and assigned the Cabinet to form a fact-finding commission to take the necessary procedures against whoever involved. While in al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 8, October 11, 2011, political experts said that the Maspero incidents were a step forward towards applying martial law and canceling elections by the SCAF.

Furthermore, in al-Ahrām, Counselor Muhammad ‘Abd al-‘Azīz, Minister of Justice, formed a fact-finding commission to investigate the Maspero clashes.

Statements, meetings and foreign papers:

In al-Wafd, page 3, October 13, 2011, SCAF held a press conference to comment about the Maspero clashes, these were the most important statements by Major General Mahmūd Hijāzī and Major General 'Ādil 'Imārah, SCAF members:

  • Military had exercised maximum restraint with protesters while the forces in charge of protecting the TV building had no live ammunition.
  • A number of Copts threatened to attack the Egyptian TV building and they had swords and Molotov cocktails and actually attacked army vehicles.
  • Denials of running over protesters with armored vehicles.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 4, October 13, 2011, Coptic outrage after SCAF's press conference. Three hours after SCAF's press conference, Pope Shenouda said during his weekly sermon that the Coptic victims were peaceful and died as a result of being shot or ran over.

He added that Copts staged a rally from Shubrā and everyone saw that they did not have any weapons. A number of political powers had objected also on SCAF's statement and termed it as 'rhetoric.' [Reviewer’s Note: News story was also mentioned in al-Ahrām, page 1, October 13, 2011]

On the other hand, the church's communication with the SCAF have been cut. A papal source said that this is the first time the church loses communication with the rulers of the country, adding that the church's grief this time outdoes any other time in the past.

In al-Wafd, page 3, October 13, 2011, Bishop Hidrā of Aswan denied any fitnah in the Upper Egyptian governorate and denied that Muslims demanded removing crosses, bells or domes from the church because there were not any in the first place.

He added that Bishop Makarius violated the license he had by building the church in a way exceeding the height that was allowed. [Reviewer’s Note: News story was also mentioned in al-Ahrām, page 1, October 13, 2011]

In al-Akhbār, page 7, October 11, 2011, the White House stated that U.S. President Barack Obama expressed his concerns over the acts of violence in Maspero and called on everyone to exercise restraint. Jay Carney, the President's second White House Press Secretary, said that minorities' rights, including Copts', need to be respected and everyone should have the right to protest peacefully and practice their religion freely.

A U.S. official source denied that U.S. asked for contributing to the protection of Christian houses of worship in Egypt.

During her tour in Qena, U.S. ambassador in Cairo Anne Patterson said that what happened in Maspero is strange to the Egyptian society that is characterized by tolerance.

For his part, William Hague, the British Foreign Secretary and First Secretary of State, urged Egyptians to stop the violence and start a dialogue [Read original text in Arabic].

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for protecting human rights and Egyptian religious freedoms.

Also, the Vatican condemned 'religious violence' in Egypt as Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches in the Roman Curia, expressed his support for Copts.

The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson also called for calming the situation.

On the other hand, more than ten-thousand Coptic activists signed a petition to the U.S. Congress demanding that the military aid to Egypt be cut.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 13, 2011, Dutch Foreign Minister Uri Rosenthal threatened to cut Dutch aid to Egypt in the event that "the attacks and oppression against Christians" continue, as he put it. He also threatened to demand an independent investigation into the incident at the level of the European Union.

In Watanī, page 1, October 16, 2011, Amnesty International demanded SCAF to explain what happened in Maspero as soon as possible.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd [October 11, 2011], a number of presidential hopefuls, public figures and activists called for a press conference in the Cultural Wheel to discuss the incidents and called for ousting 'Isām Sharaf's government and forming a new one.

On page 7, Muhammad Salīm al-'Awā, an Islamic thinker and presidential hopeful, said that Copts did not start the violence.

In al-Jumhūrīyah, page 2, October 11, 2011, possible presidential candidates condemned the attack on the military by protesters and refused any international interference in Egypt, noting that Muslims and Christians have no problems.

Dr. Hāzim Salāh Abū Ismā'īl said that what happened was planned to hinder the elections and the democratic process in Egypt.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd [October 11, 201] , Dr. Ahmad al-Tayīb, the Azhar's Grand Shaykh, called for honesty and transparency to know the origin of the problem and solve it.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 4 [October 11, 201] the Senior Forensic Pathologist said that the initial examination of the bodies showed that the deaths were due to deep cuts by machetes and mowing down by vehicles. [Reviewer’s Note: News story was also mentioned in al-Akhbār, October 11, 2011]

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, October 11, 2011, the top coroner vowed to be "responsible before God and the authorities for the autopsy". He added that the burial permit is a routine procedure and only includes the main cause of death to inform authorities but then there will be an autopsy report that will contain the causes of deaths in detail.

In al-Ahālī, October 12, 2011, medical reports showed that the causes of death of 14 of the victims were mowing by army track vehicles and three with fire bullets. A source from the Coptic Hospital said that the victims' families attacked the coroner and expelled him out of the hospital.

Usāmah Haykal, Minister of Information, said that Maspero incidents are not sectarian and there are outside forces behind them, adding that he could not imagine the fall of victims from the military. Citizens have the right to protest but without vandalizing State property or hurting others.

In al-Akhbār October 11, 2011, Haykal formed a commission of media experts to evaluate the Egyptian Television's coverage of Maspero's incidents, and added that accusing the television of incitement is unacceptable.  [Reviewer’s Note: News story was also mentioned in al-Ahrām]

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 17, 2011, the media experts' report denied that state TV incited violence but said it, as well as private channels, made mistakes, state-run news agency MENA reported Sunday.

In al-Akhbār, page 4 and 5, October 12, 2011, Dr. Yahyá al-Jamal, former Deputy Prime Minister, said "Copts overreacted, although I always believed that Copts' wrath is legitimate due to the oppression they are suffering but why wasn't Aswan governor was ousted immediately after the church was attacked?"

Al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 4 [October 11, 201] reported that the prime minister approved the unified law on construction of places of worship. Governors would have the authority to decide on building houses of worship in light of rules that a space of at least 1,000 meters should be between a church and a mosque, and any violations of these rules will be punishable by imprisonment and a fine of LE300,000.

New York Times described the clashes between the army and the Copts to be the worst acts of violence since the ouster of the former president.

British newspaper The Guardian said that Egypt is facing a threat if the problem remained unsolved.

U.S. newspaper Wall Street Journal said that the violence against Copts after the revolution have isolated Copts.

Yedioth Ahronoth, daily newspaper published in Tel Aviv, Israel, said that what happened in Egypt shows the ignorance and political failure of the U.S. Administration in the Middle East when it supported the Egyptian revolution.

In al-Ahrām, Page 6, October 11, 2011, Hānī Hanā, the January 25 Revolution orator and President of the Citizenship Committee in the Revolution Coalition, said that the Coptic march off Maspero was betrayed to abort their demands.

In Ahrām, page 1, October 10, 2011 and al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 9, 2011 a curfew is imposed in Tahrīr square and streets that lead to it, 'Abd al-Mun'im Riyād square, downtown, Kūrnīsh al-Nīl Street, Ramsīs Street and 'Abāsīyah square from 2 am to 7 am.

In al-Ahrām, page 5, October 10, 2011, a military source said that the incidents in Maspero were planned because protesters had all kinds of weapons. He added that anyone who attacked the military or destroyed any of the military equipment will be referred to the Military Court.

Reuters news agency said that the Military Police fired bullets in the air but the protesters threw rocks back at them.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, October 10, 2011, Prime Minister 'Isām Sharaf said that the perpetrators of Maspero attacks are the enemies of the revolution. In al-Jumhūrīyah, page 1, October 11, 2011, the Cabinet stated that a new article would be added to Section (11) in the unified law on the construction of houses of worship that will punish any acts of discrimination with imprisonment or a fine not less than LE30,000 and not more than LE50,000.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 13, 2011, Sharaf visited Pope Shenouda Thursday [October 13, 2011] to offer condolences for the more than two dozens killed in the violence.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, October 10, 2011, Dr. Ahmad al-Tayīb, the Azhar Grand Shaykh, is to have talks with Pope Shenouda to discuss ways to control the crisis.

Father Dā’ud of a church in al-Minya governorate called for international protection for Copts while holding a plastic bag filled with the intestines of a person run over by an armored vehicle.

In al-Ahrām, page 1, October 11, 2011, Washington denied sending U.S. forces to protect Copts in Egypt.

Accusations and victims:

In al-Akhbār, page 4 and 5, October 10, 2011, 40 people were arrested in the Maspero incidents. Thousands came from Shubrā and attacked the military and when an armored vehicle tried to disperse protesters they took over its weapons and fired bullets at the soldiers, leaving 23 military and civilians dead and 184 others injured. The Maspero staff had been through hours of panic due to sounds of bullets and Molotov cocktails that were fired at the building. [Read original text in Arabic 1 and 2]

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 11, 2011, 28 were arrested and remanded in custody for 15 days pending investigation, facing the charges of murder, sabotage and sparking fitnah.

Well-known judicial sources who spoke on the condition of anonymity said that 25 of the detainees are Christians and three are Muslims and they will be tried before a Military Court according to Law 25 of 1966.

The names of the suspects are: George Safwat, Binīyāmīn Ra’fat, Rūmānī Wanīs, Hānī Majdī, Hannā Nasīf Fahīm, 'Iz Zākhir, Mamdūh 'Ayād, Mīlād Sādiq, 'Isām Rabī’ Rāshid and Hānī Hāfiz 'Azīz.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 12, 2011, the Muslim Brotherhood leader is blaming the remnants of the dissolved National Democratic Party for the Maspero incidents.

Al-Ahrām, page 5, October 10, 2011, reported the death of three soldiers and the injury of 100 others.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 5, October 11, 2011, the Head of the Nāsir Institute Hospital, Dr. Ahmad 'Abd al-Nabī, said that the hospital received a total of 86 injured [50 of them are from the Military, 13 from the Central Security Forces and the rest are civilians] while al-Akhbār, page 1, October 11, 2011, reported that the number of victims is up to 25 deaths and 329 injured.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 5, October 11, 2011, al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmīyah blamed 'extremist Copts' for what happened while al-Wasat party blamed SCAF.

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 5, October 11, 2011, an injured soldier, Muhammad Rabī’, said that the protests were peaceful until 4 pm when a group of protesters with firearms came into the protest [Reviewer’s Note: The newspaper did not mentioned if the Copts opened fire or not but only said that Rabī’ saw a protester attacking a military personnel with a switchblade]. Rabī’ added that the interior ministry's Central Security Forces, or anti-riot police, had no weapons with them save sticks.

In al-Ahrām, page 4, October 11, 2011, an eyewitness said that he saw "Christians cursing Muslims, beating military personnel and burning mushafs (books of the Holy Quran) so we were outraged and went to Maspero then we found Christian protesters holding machete, knives and penknives attacking us." [Read original text 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5]

In al-Ahrām, Dr. Hāzim al-Biblāwī, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, had resigned from his position because of what happened in Maspero and what resulted from a severely undermined security and the safety of society which should be the government's main responsibility. However. Biblāwī is considering the resignation.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 13, 2011, al-Biblāwī resigned protesting the government's mishandling of Maspero incidents and in al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 1, October 12, 2011, a Cabinet source said that Biblāwī's resignation has been rejected.

On the other hand, in al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 12, 2011, Safwat Hijāzī, a Salafī preacher, said that there was a lobby of followers of (former Interior Minister Habīb) al-'Ādlī who were behind the Maspero clashes. His statements were mocked by users of the social networking websites like Facebook and Twitter.

In al-Ahrām, page 1, October 12, 2011, Shaykh Muhammad Hasān, a Salafist, called on all Egyptians [Muslims and Christians] to support the army because it is the shield that protects the country, expressing astonishment over persons accusing the army of betrayal.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 12, 2011, Former Prime Minister Lt. General Ahmad Shafīq visited Pope Shenouda to offer his condolences over the Maspero victims.

In Watanī, page 5, October 16, 2011, Vivian Majdī, employee at Watanī and Michael Mus'ad's fiancée [one of Maspero victims], said that she was holding his hands in the protest and in a second she found him beneath the armored vehicle that ran over him.

"He bought water and prepaid mobile phone cards for protesters. He called his mother and cousin and told them 'I'm going to be a martyr today' and I did not like it," she said.

"After Michael was mowed over by the vehicle, one of his legs was almost severed but still one of the soldiers continued beating him. I told him to stop and help us but he said that it is our fault to come in the first place and called us 'infidels'. I slept over Michael to protect him from the non-stop beating and I got beaten on my back," she said.

She added, "I thought Michael fainted but when we got to the hospital he was dead."

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, October 12, 2011, Rāmī Kāmil, Mīnā Danīyāl's friend [one of Maspero victims] said that security forces off Maspero shot protesters as soon as they arrived in the area. Protesters were dispersed and panicked because the armored vehicles was speeding haphazardly.

Kāmil could not find his friend Mīnā and then he knew that he died when a bullet penetrated his chest and went out of his back, he was already dead before rushing him to the hospital. His sister Mary was also beaten by security personnel.

However, al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 12, 2011 quoted Mīnā's brother who said that he was dead by a bullet in his head.

In al-Wafd, page 1, October 13, 2011, Mary disagreed with Father Philopater Jamīl when he asked her not to have her brother's body examined in a morgue because it will not get her brother's rights.

Another victim in al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 11, 2011, Usāmah, a Copt, was returning from work and headed to 'Abd al-Mun'im Rīyād Square to take a bus and go home. On his way, he saw protesters and stopped for a minute to watch what is happening with his friend from work called 'Ādil. He and his friend were shot. Usāmah died and his friend was injured. His engagement was schduled in two months.

Amīn Fū’ād, a Coptic microbus driver, died with three shots in his back. He did not participate in the protest. He had a shift during that time at 'Abd al-Mun'im Rīyād square, about 50 meters away from the TV building, and while trying to escape when the incidents erupted, he was shot. [Read original text in Arabic]

Wā’il Mikhael, al-Tarīq satellite channel photographer, went to the scene to report the clashes when he was shot in his head, leaving three orphans and a widow. [Read original text in Arabic]

In al-Ahrām, one of the victims, Sāmih Rūmānī, was buried in al-Balyanā town in Sohag governorate, where one-thousand Muslims and Christians joined his funeral.

In al-Ahrām, page 1, October 13, 2011, the military buried two of its personnel who died in the Maspero clashes, and affirmed that withholding the names and numbers of army victims only aims to avoid unrest within the society.

Other protests:

In al-Akhbār, page 4 and 5, October 10, 2011, Christians in Qena had staged a protest off Qena Bishopric, where clashes were about to erupt with Muslims but the security apparatus managed to control the situation.

In al-Akhbār, page 22, October 12, 2011, churches in Qena were under tight security measures after the execution of Hamām al-Kamūnī. An official source said that Kamūnī's execution has nothing to do with Maspero incidents.

Al-Ahrām had published a news story on page 21, October 11, 2011 about the execution of Muhammad Ahmad Muhammad Husayn, alias Kamūnī, who was convicted of randomly firing bullets at Copts on January 6, 2010 during Christmas celebrations in a church in Naj’ Hamādī, Qena. Six Copts and one Muslim were killed and nine others injured.

On page 4 and 5, October 10, 2011, Copts protested as well in Asyut, Luxor, Aswan and Alexandria. [Read original text in Arabic]

In al-Shurūq al-Jadīd, page 7, October 11, 2011, during the Maspero clashes, protests took place in Alexandria but there were no casualties reported. In al-Ahrām, page 4, October 11, 2011, Father Mikhael of Saint Moses the Ethiopian Church in Alexandria convinced protesters to end the demonstration and be committed to the church's calls to fast for three days. Thugs went to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, thinking the protesters are still there, and threw rocks at the historical library.

Also in al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 9, October 11, 2011, Coptic Orthodox, Coptic Evangelical and Coptic Catholic churches in Alexandria were outraged over the Maspero incidents. Coptic and secular figures from the Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria called on Field Marshal Muhammad Husayn Tantāwī to take strict measures against whoever will cause fitnah between Muslims and Christians.

Copts in Alexandria had protested to condemn the attack on Saint George Church; the protests were peaceful at the beginning and gained momentus as thousands of Copts joined. Later, clashes erupted between Muslims and Christians, leaving some slightly wounded and seven cars severely smashed.

In al-Ahrām, page 4, October 11, 2011 , tight security measures were imposed in the village of Marīnāb, Idfū town, Aswan governorate, as calm prevailed.

In al-Jumhūrīyah, page 5, October 10, 2011, a military source said that the incidents were planned, adding the army is exercising restraint regardless that protesters are firing bullets and using switchblades and machetes.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 5, October 10, 2011, thousands of Copts and Muslims protested in Alexandria, Asyut, al-Minya and Beni Suef, condemning the attack on Saint George Church in Aswan.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 4, October 11, 2011, the Ministry of Health stated that the clashes between Coptic protesters and the military resulted in 24 deaths and 318 injuries. Seventeen of the wounded are in the Coptic Hospital, two in Nāsir Institute Hospital, four in Shubrā General Hospital and one in Kubrī al-Qubah. Out of the 318 injured, 127 were military personnel. The Senior Forensic Pathologist, Dr. Ihsān Kamīl Jūrjī, sanctioned the burial of the bodies without autopsy but the victims' families refused because they wanted to know the actual causes of deaths.

Dozens of Copts staged a protest in the Cathedral during the arrival of the bodies of the victims. They chanted slogans like "We are the owners of this country and you are the guests." [Read original texts in Arabic]

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 4, October 11, 2011, Ministry of Interior Affairs planned security measures to protect public property, mosques and churches.

The Maspero clashes brought back public committees formed by civilians to protect mosques and churches like the ones formed during the revolution. [Read original text in Arabic]

The National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) had warned the government of the repercussions of Mārīnāb incidents a month ago. [Read original text in Arabic]

In al-Akhbār, page 5, October 11, 2011, NCHR formed a fact-finding commission to look into how a peaceful protest can develop into acts of violence and vandalism.

In al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 5, October 11, 2011, the Ministry of Interior handed a list of inciters of Maspero incidents.

On page 7, Human Rights Watch warned of a sectarian crisis in Egypt and on page 8, Sufism condemned violent acts against Copts.

Public anger rallies continued condemning what happened in Maspero on Thursday and Friday, October 13 and 14, 2011. [Read original text in Arabic]

In al-Ahrām, page 1, October 12, 2011, Father Ridā Thābit, Pastor of the Second Evangelical Church in Asyut, welcomed 19 Muslim youths who offered their condolences. The Salafī Call in Asyut stated that there are domestic and outside parties targeting Egypt and want to deliver it to a state of chaos.

A number of 125 Christians staged a protest in a square in Sohag, condemning Maspero incidents. [Read original text in Arabic]

On the other hand, expatriate Copts observed the Holy Synod's call for fasting and praying for three days for peace [al-Ahrām, page 1, October 12, 2011.] [Read Coptic Orthodox Holy Synod statement on AWR]

Consequences:

Air traffic went down; tourists and people coming for business had canceled their trips to Egypt until the situation gets better. Egypt's stock market also footed the bill for the Maspero incidents as Egypt's benchmark index fell 2.25 percent, ending the session with a loss of LE5.07 billion.

Tourism in Sharm el-Sheikh faced large decrease where Egypt had lost US$3 billion in tourism revenues.[al-Jumhūrīyah, page 5, October 11, 2011]

Rebuilding the guest house:

"Muslims and Christians started to rebuild al-Mārīnāb guest house" was the title of an article in al-Jumhūrīyah, page 7, October 11, 2011. Copts of Marīnāb condemned what happened in Maspero and started forming public commission of Muslim and Coptic youths to protect Christian houses and property. Copts and Muslims of the village agreed on re-building the guest house so Christians can pray in it as they always have. For his side, the Aswan governor said that he is ready to be a scapegoat to calm the situation and his resignation is ready.

Read AWR’s special report on Maspero’s attack by Jayson Casper.

Read AWR’s fact-finding commission report of what happened in Marīnāb by Lamīs Yahyá.

Background information (Sorted chronologically):

[Reviewer's Note: New story was also mentioned in Al-Jumhūrīyah, page 9, October 10, 2011; Al-Akhbār, page 2, October 10, 2011 and both had no link online; al-Misrī al-Yawm, October 12, 2011; al-Misrī al-Yawm, page 4, October 10, 2011: and al-Ahrām, page 5 and 6, October 11, 2011: Ref. 1Ref. 2, Ref. 3, Ref. 4, Ref. 5, Ref. 6, Ref. 7, Ref. 8 and Ref.9]

Read October 13 - 16, 2011 Press Review about Maspero’s attacks on AWR.

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