List of persons names (and their functions) used in AWR-Articles

(Click on name to display relevant articles)

Name Function
Ayman ʿAlī

Vice President of the Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe

Aymān ʿĀshūr


Ayman ʿAṭīyah ‎
Ayman ʿŪdah [Ayman Odeh]

an Israeli Arab lawyer and politician. The leader of the Hadash party, he is currently a member of the Knesset and head of the Joint List alliance.

Ayyūb Masīḥah (Father)


Ayyūb Zakī Yūsuf (Father)
Aziz Khalīl
Bāb [Sayyid ʿAlī Muḥammad Shīrāzī]

the founder of Bābism; and one of three central figures of the Bahā'ī Faith (1819-1850)

Babnūda [Paphnotius/Baphnotius] (Bishop)

Bishop of Samallūṭ (Since 1976); Author

Badr Ḥilmī [Badr Helmi]
Badr Muḥammad Badr

Member of the Muslim Brotherhood; Journalist; Author

Bafnutiyyūs [Paphnotius] (Bishop)

Bishop of Samālūt (Egypt)

Bahāʾ al-Dīn Abū al-Shaqa

Prominent lawyer, leading Wafd Party member

Bahāʾ al-Dīn Ḥassan (Dr.)

Director of Cairo center for Human Rights, Former Member of the Egyptian National Council for Human Rights

Bahāʾ Allāh [Mirzā Husayn ‘Alī Nūrī]

The founder of the Bahā'ī Faith; claimed to be the prophetic fulfilment of Bābism and a messenger from God referring to the fulfilment of the eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity, and other major religions (1817-1892)

Bahāʾ Bakrī [Baha' Bakry]
Bahāʾ Ramzī [Head of Holland’s Coptic institute]
Bahāʾ Ṭāhir [Bahaa Taher]

Bahāʾ Ṭāhir is an Egyptian writer, mostly known for novels and short stories written in English. He was banned from writing in 1975 and therefore decided to travel abroad and work as a translator. From the 1980s to the 1990s he worked as a translator for the United Nations in Switzerland. He was awarded the inaugural International Price in Arabic Fiction in 2008. Politically, he considers himself a Pan-Arabist. In his works, he refuses to apply stereotypical writing and portraying clichés about arabic countries and culture.

Baher Dokhan
Bahib al Sima; Barsoum El-Muharraqi
Bahiyya Shiḥāb [Bahia Shahab] (Artist)
Baḥir Ḥamdī Dukhān

Translator at AWR (2008); Egyptian AWR Intern (DEDI program 2007)

Bākhūm (Bishop of Sūhāj)

Coptic Orthodox Bishop of Sohag (Since 1986)

Bākhūm [Pachomius] (Bishop of Baḥīrah and Maṭrūḥ)

 Metropolitan of El-Beheira and the 5 western cities (Since 1971). He became the Coptic Orthodox Church acting Patriarch after the death of Pope Shenouda III in March 2012. He was unanimously chosen by members of the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Bākhūm [Pachomius] (Saint)

4th Century hermit; Considered as the founder of Christian monasticism

Bākīnām al-Sharqāwī [Pakinam al-Sharqawi] (Dr.)
Balāmūn (Archbishop)
Bandar bin Sultān bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Saʿud (Prince)
Banūb Ḥabashī

Egyptian archaeologist

Baqīʿa Ṣadaqa Jirjis (Rev.)

Head of the Evangelical Church in Asyut

Barack Obama (U.S. 44th Pres.)
Baraka Maḥmūd Yūsuf Abū Ṣāliḥa

leaders of terror organization. 

Barbara Baker

Compass Direct correspondent for the Middle East; Author

Barbara Ibrāhīm

founding director of the John D. Gerhart Center for Philanthropy and Civic Engagement at AUC

Barnābā (Father)


Barnābā‎ (Bishop)

Bishop of the Coptic Orthodox Dioceses of Rome and Turin, Italy

Barṣūm (Father)
Barsūm al-Muḥarraqī

Former monk

Bartholomew I (Archbishop)

Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch (Since 1991)

Bas Belder (Mr.)
Bas Plaisier (Rev. Dr.)

Former Secretary-General of the Dutch Protestant Church

Basantaʿūs (Saint)

one of the saints of the Coptic Orthodox Church, who died in 631 AD.‎ His remains were found discovered during the restoration work in the ‎monastery earing his name in the Upper-Egyptian diocese of Qift in 2018.‎

Baselios Marthoma Paulose II ‎
Bashār al-Assad (President of Syria)

the 19th and current President of Syria, holding the office since 17 July 2000. He is also commander-in-chief of the Syrian Armed Forces, General Secretary of the ruling Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and Regional Secretary of the party's branch in Syria. He is a son of Hafez al-Assad, who was President of Syria from 1971 to 2000.

Bashīr al-ʿAdl


Bashīr ʿAbd al-Fattāḥ
Bashīr ʿAbd al-Rāziq

Editor, Particpated in a roundtable discussion initiated by AWR on the amendment of Art. 2 of the Constitution (see AWR-Paper Nr. 40)


Bāsil al-Ḍabʿ

Cairo-based writer and editor,  contributor to TIMEP and previously Politics Editor at Daily News Egypt

Basilides (Saint)
Basilius (Ethiopian Orthodox Patriarch)
Bāsīliyyūs al-Maqārī (Father Basilios or Basilius)

Coptic Orthodox monk in the Monastery of Saint Macarius; Author

Bāsim Naʿīm
Basma Mūsā (Dr.)

Egyptian Bahā’ī professor of dentistry at Cairo University

Basma William


Bassām al-Zarqā

member of al-Nur party and former assistant President

Bassām Quṭb
Bassām Rāḍī

official spokesperson for the Office of the President

Bāssim Mursī

Zamalek Football Team 

Bāssim N. Hāfīẓ


Bāssim ʿAwda [Bassim Auda]
Basyūnī al-Ḥalawānī


Bat Ye’or [Gisèle Littman] (Dr.)

Egyptian-born British scholar; Historian on non-Muslims in the Middle East; Author

Bayyūmī Qandīl (Dr.)

Egyptian Intellectual; Author

Beate Seel (Mrs.)
Beatrice de Graaf (Prof.)
Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard of the Netherlands (Queen)

Beatrix of the Netherlands was born on the 31st of January, 1938. She reigned as queen of the Netherlands from 1980 until her abdication in 2013.

Belgian Woman
Benazir Bhutto (Prime Minister of Pakistan)

First female Prime minister of Pakistan (1988–1990; 1993–1996)

Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger] (Pope)

Supreme Pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of Vatican City (Since 2005)

Benjamin I (Pope)


Benjamin Netanyahu (Prime Minister of Israel)

Prime minister of Israel (1996-1999; Since 2009)

Benny Gantz

Israeli soldier and politician and leader of Blue and White party

Benoît Forget
Benyāmīn (Bishop of Cyprus)

Excommunicated bishop of St. Bula Monastery, Bishop of Cyprus.

Berge Traboulsi (Prof., Dr.)

Haigazian University, Beirut

Bernard Lewis (Dr.)

U.S. historian; Orientalist; Political commentator; Professor at Princeton University (1974-1986)

Bernard Verlhac (Tignous)

Staff-member of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo, he was killed in a shooting on January 7 in 2015 along with several of his colleagues. Two terrorists who affiliated themselves to al-Qaeda in Yemen commited the attack. 

Bernd Erbel (Amb.)
Bernd van der Meulen (Prof., Dr.)
Bernhard Reitsma

Head of the research center Open Doors (2008), professor by special appointment for research of the Church in the context of Islam at the Free University of Amsterdam

Bert Dorenbos (Dutch television presenter)

director of the Evangelische Omroep (Evangelical Broadcasting company) from 1974 to 1987

Bert van Voorden

former SGP mayor of Rijssen

Berta Koolstra

Mother Koolstra Family, kidnapped in Yemen by tribe, 1999.

Betty Atherton
Beyza Bilgin (Prof.)
Bidīr ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz
Bījīmī al-Anbā Būlā (Father)

Two martyrs church

Bilāl (first mūʾadhin in Islam)
Bilāl al-Ḍāwī

Author; Journalist

Bilāl Faḍl [Belal Fadl]

Egyptian author

Bill Cotterell
Bill Fryda (Father)

Catholic medical doctor and priest working in Kenya

Billy Graham (Reverend)

American Christian evangelist and an evangelical; spiritual adviser to twelve United States presidents

Bīmin Muftāḥ (Priest)
Bīmin [Bimen] (Bishop)
Bimwā (Bishop)

Abbot of the Monastry of Saint George in al Khatatba/ al-Sādāt/ Monufia

Bin Bāz (Shaykh)
Bin Yamin (Patriarch)
Birit Nasmar

(-1966) President of Eritrean Jewish Communitiy for over 40 years