AWR Index

  1. Arab-West Report
  2. Religious freedom and freedom of expression
    1. Religious freedom as a form of expression in the Arab World
      1. Apostasy in Islam
      2. Conversions to Islam
      3. Christians proselytizing or carrying out missionary activities
      4. Muslims proselytizing or carring out missionary activities
      5. Accusations of heresies in Islam
      6. Accusations of heresies in Islam mentioning people
      7. People or groups accused of violating social or religious norms in Islam
        1. Khalīl Abd al-Karīm (The formation period in the life of Muhammad)
        2. Alī Abd al-Rāziq (Islam and the origins of government, 1924)
        3. Muhammad Abd al-Wahhāb (Min-ghayr layh/No whys)
        4. Naṣr Ḥāmid Abū Zayd (Dr.)
        5. Laylá Ahmad (Women and Sexism in Islam)
        6. Azīm Mannāf (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        7. Jamāl al-Bannā (Islam and freedom of thought)
        8. al-Ghad newspaper (attacking prophet's companions) (2006)
        9. Jamāl al-Ghaytānī (Full veiling)
        10. Al-Mahaddawī (Libyan judge)
        11. Ali al-Majarī (yemeni poet)
        12. Shaykh Abd al-Mutāl al-Saīdī (religious freedom in Islam)
        13. Ahmad al-Shahāwī (Wasīyah fi Ishq al-Nisā)
        14. Louis Awwad (An introduction to the grammar of the arabic language)
        15. Dr. Hasan al-turabi
        16. Usāmah Anwar Ukashah
        17. Ahmad Baghdādī
        18. Bahrām Bidā'ī (Iran)
        19. Thekra Mohammad Abdullah Al-dali
        20. Khālid Dūrān (The seed of Abraham)
        21. Dr. Muhammad Fattūh (2007)
        22. Faraj Fūdah (1946-1992)
        23. Arrest of groups violating Sharīah
        24. Alā' Hāmid (a room in a man's mind)
        25. Hasan Hanafī (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        26. Haydar Haydar (Banquet of the seaweed)
        27. Ahmad Abd al-Mutī Hijāzī
        28. Tāhā Husayn (The Jahili Poetry 1926)
        29. Fārūq Husnī (Culture Minister)
        30. Dr. Muhammad Imārah, (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        31. Ibrāhīm Isá (al-Urah/The Naked)
        32. Jibrān Khlīl Jibrān (al-Nabi/The prophet)
        33. Najwa Karam (lebanese singer)
        34. Dr. Muhammad Ahmad Khalāf Allah (Stories in the Qur'ān)
        35. Khalīd Muhammad Khalīd (From here we begin)
        36. Marcel Khalīfah
        37. Rashad Khalīfah (claimed to be a prophet)
        38. Dr. Ali Mabrūk (2006 research)
        39. Najīb Maḥfūẓ (Awlad Haritna/ The children of our alley, 1959)
        40. Mustafá Mahmūd (The modern explantation of the Holy Qur'ān)
        41. al-Shaykh Manāl
        42. Dr. Ahmad Subhī Mansūr (The prophets in the Holy Qur'ān)
        43. Mikki, A. A woman's memoirs in Saudi prisons
        44. Salāh al-dīn Muhsin (accused of disclaiming religions in 2000)
        45. Abd al-Rahmān Munif (Mudun al-Milh/Cities of salt)
        46. Ibrāhīm Nasr Allah (poet)
        47. Taslīmah Nasrin (Split in two)
        48. Nizār Qabbānī
        49. Hasan Qatāmish (The flight with Satan and a stick)
        50. Sayyid Qutb (islamist, author)
        51. Hans-Peter Raddatz
        52. Fathī Radwān (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        53. Nawal Sadāwī
        54. Yūsuf Shāhīn (Film-The immigrant)
        55. Sharur, Muhammad (author)
        56. Muhammad Shukrī (Al-khubz alhāī/ For bread alone)
        57. Tharwat Ukasha (1921-2012)
        58. Īd Wardānī (The genesis story)
        59. Mirvat Tillawī
        60. Azhar thesis deeming Rose al-yūsuf
      8. Accusations of heresies in Christianity
      9. Press freedom-SEE media/freedom
      10. The critique of the religious beliefs of non-mainstream religious groups
      11. Calls for government intervention to stop the activities of specific non-mainstream groups
      12. Western intervention into religious freedom or freedom of expression
      13. Censorship-legal structure, social background and practice
      14. Authors that have been criticized for violating religious or social norms
    2. Evaluation of Western reports on religious freedom or freedom of expression
    3. General discussions on US Freedom from Religious Persecution Act
    4. General discussions about freedom of expression
    5. General discussions about freedom of religion or freedom of belief
    6. Democratization and reporting on human rights issues
  3. Relations between the Arab and Islamic world and the non-Arab and non-Islamic world
    1. Chinese Ministry of of the State Administration for Religious Affairs (SARA)
    2. The image of Arabs and Islam in the Western media
    3. Controversial issues that create discussion about Arab-West relations
    4. General issues in Arab-West relations
    5. Critique or praise of Western Orientalists
    6. Westeners living in Arab countries
    7. Greater understanding in Arab-West Relations
    8. US military actions affecting Arab-West relations
    9. Western scholars involved in Arab-West or Muslim-Christian understanding
    10. Books related to Arab-West relations
    11. Arab/Muslim influence in non-Muslim countries
    12. Arab influences in the Western world
    13. Organizations working on Arab-West relations
    14. Immigrant Communities in the Arab World
  4. Developments in Islam in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. Islamic Fundamentalism
    2. Islamic thinkers and scholars who participate in discussions about Islam
    3. Leaders or people believed to be linked to leadership
    4. Muslim-Jewish Relations
    5. Shī`a ‎and Sunni sectarian strife
    6. General Islamic Issues and Developments
      1. Anṣār al-Islām (terror group in the Egyptian Western Desert)
      2. efforts to promote unity between the sufi orders Burhāniyya‎ (Sudan) and Rifāʿiyya‎ (Egypt)
      3. Fatwás
        1. Al-Azhar Islamic Research Academy (AIRA) Q&A on fatwas
        2. Buying lanterns and chanting on Ramadan
        3. Fatwa kiosks at Egypt's Metro stations
        4. The depiction of prophets in screenplays
        5. General rules for making fatwás
        6. Scholars and organizations issuing fatwás
        7. Fatwás mentioned in the Arab media
          1. Breastfeeding men
          2. Drinking the Prophet's Urine
          3. Prayer in the workplace
          4. When someone can be called a martyr
          5. America Muslims in the US military
          6. Fixing antennas onto mosque minarets
          7. Artificial impregnation
          8. Bank interest
          9. Boycotting foreign goods
          10. Bribery
          11. Celebrating Shamm al-nasīm
          12. Charging to enter houses of worship
          13. Competitions that use special rate phone numbers
          14. Constructing mosques between buildings
          15. Cooperation between the US and an Islamic country to attack a Muslim state
          16. Declaring Bahā'īs and Bābis Kāfir
          17. Beauty contests (harām)
          18. Defending a person accused of spying
          19. Killing Israelis / Destroying Israel
          20. Disputing the validity of certain Islamic sects
          21. Fatwas on euthanasia
          22. Men and women shaking hands
          23. Fatwas on Islam and art
          24. Life Insurance and Islamic life insurance
          25. Killing terrorists
          26. Fatwas on male and female circumcision
          27. Marriage in Islam (different forms)
          28. Marriage to Israeli women (harām)
          29. Martyrdom attacks or operations
          30. Martyrdom: what makes a person a martyr
          31. Miss Egypt elections
          32. Poor Muslim women dating wealthy men to support their families
          33. Muslim-Christian relations
          34. Naming businesses after the 99 names of God
          35. Non-Muslim mothers getting custody of their Muslim children
          36. Normalization with Israel
          37. Playing football
          38. Women being pregnant after their husbands have died
          39. Qur'anic verses as mobile phone ring tones
          40. Fasting during Ramadān
          41. Using religious logos in elections
          42. Selling alcohol to non-Muslims in the West
          43. Smoking
          44. Support for the Egyptian president in the 2005 elections
          45. Relationship between Shī'ah and the Sunnah
          46. Using DNA to find out child's paternity
          47. Women leading men in prayers
          48. Women in public posts or parliament
          49. Fatwas on Women travelling abroad without husband's permission
      4. Hadīth
      5. Halāl and Harām
      6. Islam and secularism
      7. Islam in society
        1. Societal and ethical issues
        2. Popular beliefs
        3. Preaching in Islam
      8. Islamic economy
      9. Islamic institutions
        1. The Fatwá Committee
        2. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation
        3. The Azhar
          1. The Grand Imam of the Azhar
          2. The Higher Council for the Azhar
          3. Islamic Research Academy
          4. The Azhar University
          5. Azhar institutes
          6. The Fiqh/Jurisprudence Research Committee
          7. Council of Scientific Research
          8. The Punishment Council of the Azhar
          9. Acceptance of non-Muslim students at the Azhar University
          10. The role of Saudi Arabia in religious institutions
          11. The Azhar (its history and role in the world)
        4. The Ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs
        5. The Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs
        6. Dar al-Ifta / The House of Fatwa
        7. Muslim Youth Association (Egypt)
        8. Al-Jamīah al-Sharīyah
        9. Ansār al-Sunnah al-Muhammadīyah group
      10. Islamic responses to family planning
      11. Islamic responses to natural disasters and other phenomena
      12. Islamic Sharīah
      13. Islamic thinkers
      14. Islamist militant cell in Egypt (Junūd al-Khilāfah)
      15. Islamist militant group in Egypt (Anṣar Bayt Al-Maqdis) ‎
      16. Islamist Militant Group, Al-Hasm Movement
      17. Jurisprudence/ Fiqh and discussions about it
      18. preparation of Ministry of Endowments for Ramadan
      19. Shīʿah
      20. The Hājj
      21. Uighurs students deportation from Egypt
      22. Zakāh (alms)
      23. [November 2017] attack on the Sufi al-Rawḍa mosque in Bi’r al-`Abd‎
      24. The Quran
      25. Traditions/Schools of Islam
      26. Islam in society
      27. Conversion From Islam
    7. Political Islam
      1. Political parties based on religion, Egypt
      2. Political Islam/Islamism
      3. Islamist Organizations in the Middle East
        1. al-Daʿwah al-Salafiyya
        2. al-Ṣaʿadūn Bil-Ḥaq
        3. Attempted terrorist attack in Sinai (Sep 2006)
        4. Charity and Justice (Morocco)
        5. El Wa'ad (2001)
        6. Nagoum min al-Nar
        7. Taliban
        8. The Islamic World League
        9. The World Union of Muslim Scholars (Ireland)
        10. The Azhar Scholars Front (1946-2001)
        11. Muslim Brotherhood
          1. Communication between the Muslim Brotherhood and Copts
          2. Other prominent members
          3. General articles about the Muslim Brotherhood
          4. Guidance office
          5. General guides
          6. Prominent members or people believed to be close to the Muslim Brotherhood
          7. Policy and structure of the Muslim Brotherhood
          8. Arrest and release of members
          9. Muslim Brotherhood organizations
          10. Books about the Muslim Brotherhood
          11. Interviews with Muslim Brotherhood Members
        12. Al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmīyah
        13. Jihād [Organization]
        14. Al-Qāidah
        15. Hizb Allāh [Hezbollah]
        16. Hamas
        17. Tanweer Islamic Center
        18. Abd Allāh Azzām brigades
        19. Al-Tablīgh wa-al-Dawah (Egypt)
        20. Al-Tā'ifah al-Mansūrah/ The Victorious Sect (Egypt)
        21. Al-Tawhīd wa-al-Jihād
        22. al-Waʿd (Egypt)
        23. Ansār al-Sunnah
        24. Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
        25. Al-Adl wa al-Ihsān [Charity and Justice]
        26. Hizb al-Nahdah/ The party of rebirth
        27. Hizb al-Tahrīr
        28. Islamic Action Front (IAF)
        29. Aden Abyan Islamic Army
        30. Islamic Salvation Front (FIS)
        31. Islamist Lawyer's Front Association (1986)
        32. Jund Allāh
        33. Islamic National Front
        34. The Returnees from Albania
        35. Takfīr wa-al-Hijrah [Jama'at al-Muslimin]
        36. Talā' al-Fath al-Islāmī
        37. Nugūm min Nār
        38. Al-Faramāwī group
        39. ISIS / ISIL / IS / Daesh / Islamic State
        40. Salafiyyah Jihādiyyah (Salafi Jihadi) (Egypt)
      4. Terrorist attacks carried out by groups
      5. Arab Islamists in the West
      6. Islamist Political Parties
      7. Influence of Islamists in society
      8. Calls to use violence
      9. Discussions about extremism and terrorism and Islam
      10. Discussion about negotiations with terrorists and Islamic movements
      11. Kidnapping and killing for political financial purposes
      12. Discussions of martyrdom attacks or operations
      13. Islamism at universities and other educational institutions
      14. Links between Egyptian/Arab Islamists with Afghanistan
      15. Discussions about demonstrations
      16. Extradition of Islamists to Egypt
    8. Traditions and Feasts
    9. Reform in Islamic thinking
    10. Arab Media Reporting on Islam in the West
    11. International Islamic Organizations
    12. Book reviews on Islamic themes
  5. Developments in Muslim-Christian Relations in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. December 2016: Self-suicide bombing in the Coptic Orthodox Petrine Church at `Abassiyya, Cairo
    2. Issues related to Muslim-Christian relations
    3. Muslim and Christian views of each other in the Arab World
    4. Muslim-Christian relations between official institutions
    5. Discussions about discrimination between Muslims and Christians
    6. Issues discussed that affect Muslim-Christian Relations
    7. Muslim-Christian marriages
    8. Discussions about freedom of religion
    9. Numbers about church growth
    10. The Bible and The Qur'ān
    11. Muslim-Christian incidents
      1. 1997- Burning Abū Sayfayn church in Fayyūm
      2. 2006-Conversion of Coptic boy to Islam, Asyut
      3. 2007-A Muslim killed his Christian neighbour in Zaqāzīq
      4. 2008- Arab attack on Daīr Abū Fānā cloister
      5. 2009-Sectarian clashes in Dayrūṭ
      6. 2010-Najʿ Ḥammādī Massacre
      7. 2017-attack on al-Amīr Tadrus Church‎ in Aṭfīḥ
      8. 2017-Coptic Displacement from Al-Arish
      9. 2017-Coptic Pilgrims killed in Bus heading to St. Samuel the Confessor Monastery in Minya Governorate
      10. 2017-Mār Mīnā Church Attack
      11. 2017-Sectarian Strife in Najʿa al- Mahīdāt, Luxor
      12. 2017-The IS terror attacks on two churches on Palm Sunday (Ṭanṭā and Alexandria)
      13. 2017-The Murder of Fr. Samʿān Shiḥāta
      14. Armint al-Hayt, Qena
      15. Christian man runs away with a Muslim woman in Ṭāmiyya, Fayyūm
      16. Reports about sectarian strife or fear of sectarian strife
      17. The village of 'Azbah Hanna Ayub in al-Minia
      18. 2000- Conversion of Coptic girl to Islam, allegedly killed by her brother, Beni Suef
      19. Egyptian media reporting about sectarian strife (no specific incidents)
      20. 1972- Al-Khankah incidents
      21. 2017-The terrorist attack on the Mār Jirjis Church on Palm Sunday in Ṭanṭā
      22. 1978-A priest from Tawfīqīyah killed by Muslims
      23. 1980-1981 Al-Zāwiyah al-Hamrá incidents
      24. 2011- Mar Girgis Church Burning in al-Marinab Village
      25. 1982-Assassination of Ibrāhīm Shafīq in al-Mengabadi
      26. 1993- Christian deaths in Dairūt and Sunbū
      27. 1995-Destroying Hinain family home Nahas Zaqāziq
      28. Al-Muharraq monastery
      29. 1995-1996 Demand for protection money from Christians
      30. 1996-Murder of Christian family in Wastah
      31. 1996- Mob violence in Kafr Dimyan
      32. 1996-Terrorist attack in Izbat Aqbāt
      33. 1997-claims about house being used as church, Abū Tīj
      34. Terrorist attacks on Christians in Abū Qurqas
      35. 1997- Stabbing of Father Stephanus Subhī
      36. 1997-Attempt to burn a house belonging to a monk in Izbat Girgis, Munufiyah
      37. 1998- Alleged arson of Christian owned factories
      38. 1999- Land dispute in Abū Tīj in Asyut
      39. 1998-2000 Al-Kushh incidents
      40. 1999-Appropriation of land from Christian farmer, Upper Egypt
      41. 1999- Bishop Makarius of Sinai in car accident
      42. 1999- attack on Father Bisādah Eskarus, Dairout
      43. 1999-Bus accident during Christian pilgrimage
      44. 2000-Sudanese-Egyptian clashes in Abbāsīyah, Cairo
      45. 2000-Land dispute causing death of a Muslim
      46. 2001-Demise of the Holy tree in Jabal al-Tayr
      47. 2001-Death of Father Antonius Zakī Ghubriyāl, Samālūt
      48. 2001- Fayza and custody of her two children, Beni Suef
      49. 2001-Adil Karas, an Egyptian Copt killed in L.A
      50. 2001-Attack against Catholic church in Pakistan
      51. 2001-Knife attack on Father Hazqiyāl Ghubriyāl, Balaynā, Sohag
      52. 2002-Accidental death of guard
      53. 2002-Murder of excommunicated priest, Luxor
      54. 2003- Ayyāt/jizrā problems with church building
      55. 2004- Death of a priest and parishoners in Tāhā al-Amidah
      56. 2004- Al-Manqatīn incident, Sohag
      57. 2004-Death of Sanā Musad and her daughter, converts to Islam
      58. 2005-Damshāw, Minia
      59. 2005- Muharram Bey incidents, Alexandria
      60. 2005-Stabbing of Christian woman at Minya university
      61. 2005-Church burning in Punjab, Pakistan
      62. 2005-Murder of Coptic family in New Jersey, US
      63. 2005-Death of two children in Evangelical Hospital in Azbakīyah
      64. 2005-Attempt to build a mosque in front of Anbā Bishūy monastery
      65. 2005-claims Father Bimen William Tawfīq, was killed
      66. 2005-Death of Ahmad Abū Tālib in Kafr Salāmah al-Sharqīyah
      67. 2005- government refuses to hand over 3 Christians that converted to Islam
      68. 2005-Police captain married Coptic girl and asked to divorce wife
      69. 2005- 6 people who converted to Islam and returned to Christianity
      70. 2005-Conversion of Imād Isa Girgis to Islam
      71. 1999-Attack against Greek Orthodox Church in Northern Lebanon
      72. 2006-Sale of piece of land owned by a Muslim to Christian, Kafr Dimyān
      73. Mosque building on Christian land, Wajdī Alfi Bisādah, Asyut
      74. 2006-Iron Cross built on top of church, Asyut
      75. 2006- Christian girl sexually harassed, Al-Nuzhah, Cairo
      76. 2006-Disappearance of two Coptic girls in Naj Hammādī, Qena
      77. 2006-attacks on Christian houses Fāw village, Qena
      78. 2006-Muslim attacks two churches in Alexandria
      79. 2006-Christian accused of stealing from Muslim boy, Asyut
      80. 2006-rumors about Hibah and Mājid in Qalyūbīyah
      81. 2006-Attempt to break into a church, Qena
      82. 2006-Displacement of 100 Copts from their homes, Hijāzah, Qena
      83. 2008 May 31 - Abū Fānā incident
      84. 2006-Confiscation of flat owned by Copts in Hamām, Assiut
      85. 2006-Murder of two Christians in Bahalil, Sohag
      86. 2006- Murder of Christians in Saft al-Laban, Minya
      87. 2006- Murder of 16 year old Catholic girl in Minya
      88. 2006-Clashes around Coptic monastery, Dayr Abyād, Sohag
      89. 2006-Riots after man tried to make Fatima convert, al-Marj, Cairo
      90. 2006- Muslim man who converted to Christianity
      91. 2006- Claims a 16 year old Christian raped an 8 year old boy, Cairo
      92. 2006-Muslim women harassed by 3 Christians, al-Azbakīyah, Cairo
      93. 2006-Conversion of 28 year old man in Nasr city, Cairo
      94. 2007- Anger about Muhammad Imārah's book
      95. 2007-Christians prevented from having shares in Faysal Islamic Bank
      96. 2007-A fire on the roof of Mar Girgis Church in Sīdī Bishr, Alexandria
      97. 2007-Muslim man kills neighbor in al-Zaqāzīq, al-Sharqīyah
      98. March 2011 - Sectarian clashes in Qena Governorate
      99. January,1 2011 - Alexandria Church Bombing
      100. March 2011 - Church burning in Sol, Atfih
      101. 2011 - Mar Girgis Church burning in Imbaba / Cairo
      102. October 9/10 2011 - Maspero Massacre
      103. April 2013 - Khusus and Abassiya
      104. 2013 - Attacks on churches following the ouster of Muhammad Mursi
      105. Conversion of ʾĪbrāhīm ʿAlī Sharaf al-Dīn and his family to Christianity
    12. Disputed kidnappings and forced conversions
      1. 2006-Ivatouma Fahmī
      2. 2007-Injī ʿĀṭif
      3. 2010-Disappearance of Kāmīliyyā Shiḥata Zākhir [Kamilia Shehata Zakher]
      4. The Alleged Kidnapping of Ḥanan Ṣabr Fakhrī (1996)
      5. Wafā’ Abd al-Masīh (November 2005)
      6. AWR reports about claims of kidnapping and forced conversions
      7. Articles on alleged kidnappings in the Arab media
      8. The alleged kidnapping of Salwā Unsī (1995)
      9. 1995-alleged kidnapping of Sabūrah Khillah, Dayrūt, Asyuṭ
      10. 1996-George Adlī
      11. The alleged kidnapping of Irene Sādiq, Cairo (1996)
      12. Sanā’ Lahzī, alleged kidnapping, Minya (1996)
      13. 1996-Isis Nawar
      14. The alleged kidnapping of Ulfat Hilmī Rizq (1997)
      15. 2000-Maryān Ra’fat Najīb,
      16. The alleged kidnapping of four girls from Mallawi (2001)
      17. 2001-Hanān Nas ‘Azīz,
      18. 2003-Ingy Edwar
      19. 2003-Anwar Sidqī Rātib, Dayrut
      20. Nivīn Malāk Samālūt (2003)
      21. 2003-Nirmīn Simān Sādiq
      22. 2003-Christine & Marian Nādir Kamāl, Bilqās, Daqahliyah
      23. 2004- Heidi Hakīm Mankarius Sālib,
      24. 2004-Wafā Constantine
      25. 2004-Asyut NDP official accused of forcing Christians to convert
      26. 2004-Nādyah Samū’īl Atīyah
      27. 2004-Marwá Nasīm Faraj
      28. 2005-Eva Thomas Fahmī Asad
      29. 2005-Hibah Samīr Wahbah
      30. 2005-Ingy Hilmī George Labīb
      31. Samya Zarīf Samān (February 2005)
      32. 2005-Ingy Ādil Wāsilī
      33. Nivīn Marqus, Alexandria (Rep 2005)
      34. Nivīn Khalīl Salīb (February 2005)
      35. Two girls in Fayyūm city (2005)
      36. Yasmīn (15 year old Muslim girl) Sawāmah Sohag (2005)
      37. Sihām 18 year old Christian girl from Ayn Hilwān (January 2005)
      38. Nivīn Māhir (19 years) (2005)
      39. Wafā’ Rifat Adlī (Hilwān, 2005)
      40. Samī Zākī Awwad, (Abū Rāmī) Sharqīya, 2005
      41. Nivīn Ayyād Mikhael, Zaqāzīq (2005)
      42. 2005-Nancy
      43. 2005-Aydā Lwīz Fahīm, Cairo
      44. 2005-Dīnā Sāmī Yūsuf
      45. Rānyā Fāyiz Butrus (November 2005)
      46. 2005-Māryan Ghuttās
      47. 2006-Alleged kidnappingof Kristen Ghattās, Minya
      48. 2006-Ivon Yuwāqīm Wahbah Mīkhā’īl
      49. 2006-Muslims demonstrate against kidnapping of girl, Cairo
      50. Theresa Ghattās Kāmil Girgis, Wādī Natrūn (2006)
      51. 2006- Susan Sabāh Sab Jād Allāh, Dayr Muās, Minya
      52. 2006-Heidi Samīr Hākim
      53. 2006-Na‘imah,
      54. 2006-Marianne Ra’fat
      55. Sārah Subhī – 20 years old (2006)
      56. 2006-Mary Thābit Hanā
      57. 2006-Dimyānh Girgis
      58. 2006-Christine Muntaṣir Ṣubhī, Kirdasah, Giza
      59. Suhā Ḥ;usayn Ṣ;ādiq – 25 years old (August 2006)
      60. 2006- Dimyānah Makram Ḥannā
      61. 2006-Lawrence Wajīh Emile
      62. 2006-Aydah Fayiz, Minya
      63. 2006-Mary Sad Maḥ;fūẓ
      64. 2006-Nirmīn Ayyād
      65. Romanī Tadrus (Naj Ḥ;ammādī 2006)
      66. 2006-Mirnā Thābit Fahīm
      67. 2006-Dīnā Amīn Ayyād
      68. 2006-Jīhān Wanīs Qīlādah
      69. Theresa Edward Kamāl-15 years old (Rep 2006)
      70. 2006-Amānī Māhir Qīlādah
      71. 2006-Heidi Nabīl Zakarīyah
      72. 2006-Muná Yaqūb Qiriaqus
      73. Rihab (Reported 2006 ,week 48)
      74. 2006-Fatin
      75. 2006-Nūr Jābir Ayyād
      76. 2006- Mary Saed
      77. 2006-Christine Michel Iskander
      78. 2006-Bishop Kyrillos of Naj Ḥammādī's document on misuse of finances
      79. 2006-Imād Jād Ghubriyal
      80. Samū’īl Māhir, village, Minia (Jan - 2007)
      81. 2007-Yūsuf Muhammad Abū al-Futūḥ, Naj Ḥammadi, Sohag
      82. 2007-Coptic woman accuses lawyer of forcing her to convert
    13. Christian demonstrations
    14. Repairing, Expanding, and Building Houses of Worship
      1. Repairing, expanding, and building churches
        1. Restoration Of The Evangelical Church Of Banī Mazār (2013-2017)
        2. Rumors about an authorized Chruch in al-Marj, Cairo
        3. Laws and regulations for church building
        4. Facts and figures on church building
        5. Church building in practice and incidents
          1. 2010--ʿUmrāniyya, Giza riots
          2. 2018 al-Bassātīn Church Inauguration
          3. Attack on the church al-Amir Tadrus in Aṭfīḥ, Giza‎-2017
          4. closing the church of Saqaltah, Suhāj Governorate
          5. Coptic Orthodox Petrine Church bombing in Cairo (December 2016).
          6. Ṣūl village church restoration (2011)
          7. 2011 Mar Girgis Church Burning in Al-Marinab
          8. Coptic Orthodox church, Kafr Darwīsh, al-Fashn, Beni Suef
          9. The Virgin Mary and Martyr Abanoub church, Jabal al-Asfar, Shibīn al-Kom, Qalyūbīyah
          10. Closing the church in Ibrahim Pasha village, Samallūt, Minya
          11. Saint Abram church, Dijlah village, Dayr Mawās, Minya
          12. Church of Anba Barsum al-Aryan, Izbat Abu Aziz village, Sohaq (1992)
          13. Mar Girgis Church, Sohag, Egypt
          14. Patmos, Greater Cairo
          15. Hanging Church (1996 - 2001)
          16. Assemblies of God in al-Marg, Cairo (1997)
          17. Restauration of the Church Arch Angel Michael in Bani Majd, Assiut (1997)
          18. Closing of al-Amir Tadrus in Bani Shukair village, Manfallut (1997)
          19. Restoration of the Church Virgin Mary, Fayyum (1999)
          20. Rebuilding the Coptic Catholic Church in Hijazah village (Qena, 1999)
          21. Repairing of the Church of St. Mary in Abu al-Hadar, Dayrut, Assiut (1997)
          22. Restoration of St. Mary Monastery in Asyut Montain (1999)
          23. Restoration of Holy Virgin Church in Dirwah (1999)
          24. New Church in Hilwan, Egypt (2000)
          25. New church in Marina, Alexandria (2000)
          26. closing a church in Sharm al-Shaykh (2000)
          27. Dafash, Qusiyah, Assiut (2000)
          28. Evangelical Church of Abu Hammad al-Sharqiyah (Restoration stopped 2000)
          29. Disputes between Muslims and Christians over the church in Izbat al-Kharwa Khurshid, Alexandria (2000)
          30. Restoration of church in al-Max, Alexandria (2000)
          31. New Church in Muqattam, Cairo (2001)
          32. New church in Bulaq Abu al-llah (2001)
          33. New church in Tur, South of Sinai (2001)
          34. Evangelical church in Minya, Faith Church (2001)
          35. Shubrah al-Khaima, Cairo (2001)
          36. Ubur, Greater Cairo (December 2001)
          37. St. John the Babtist at Awlad Isa, Sadafah, Assiut (Restoration stopped 2001)
          38. Bani Walmis, Magharah, Upper Egypt (2002)
          39. New Church in Emirates (2002)
          40. Al-Munirah Qanatir, Qalubiyah (2002)
          41. Examples of Church Building in Bosnia in the Arab Media (2002)
          42. Izbat Raf'i near Qusiyah (2002)
          43. Abu Georg, Assiut (2003)
          44. Wall surrounding St. Anthony's Monastery (2003)
          45. Al-Munsha'ah al-Kubra, al-Qusiyah (2003-2004)
          46. Taha al-Amidah, Samallut, Upper Egypt (2004)
          47. Damshaw Hashim, Minya (January 2005)
          48. Manqattin, Samallut, Upper Egypt (2004)
          49. land around the Monastery of Masarah, Hilwan (2005)
          50. Mar Marqus Church, Assiut (2005)
          51. Two new churches in Kharga (2005)
          52. New Church of St. Marina in Alamayn, Alexandria (2005)
          53. Church Builing in Burj al-Arab (2005)
          54. Guest House as Church has been burned (Tilwanah, Bajur, Munufiyah, 2005)
          55. Attack in the New Church in in Udaysat, Luxor (2006)
          56. Church Building in Ayyat, Giza (February 2006)
          57. Rumors about a new Church in al-Sabin Village, Kom Ombo, Aswan (2006)
          58. New Coptic Church in Rihab City, Cairo (2006)
          59. Rumors about an Unauthorized Church in al-Marj, Cairo (2006)
          60. New Church in Mexico (January 2007)
          61. Restoration of the Church of Mother Dulaji in Isna
          62. Church building in Birtibat Village, Minya
          63. Drunkah (Monastery)
          64. The Red Monastery, Sohag
          65. Attacking a Priest in Wasif Village in Ayyat, Giza
          66. The Holy Virgin Church, Shaykh Youssef Village, Assiut (built since 1950)
          67. The Holy Virgin Church, Naj Ruzayq Village, Maraghah, Sohag
          68. A wall near the Monastery of Bishuy in Wadi al-Natrun
      2. Repairing, expanding and building mosques
    15. Reporting discrimination
    16. Issues that involved or could have involved Muslim-Christian relations
    17. Relations with Churches in Asia
    18. Articles highlighting Identity/Religious Symbols
    19. Organizations advocating Muslim-Christian understanding and cooperation
    20. Books referring to Muslim-Christian relations
      1. 'Aziz Fahmi, Toppling the Theory of Clash of Civilizations and Re-introducing Islam to the Western Mind
      2. 'Dirasat fi-al-Firaq' (Studies on sects)
      3. Abd al-Hamīd, Ra'fat, Egyptian thinking in the Christian era
      4. Abd al-Hamīd, Ra'fat, History of Christian thinking in Egypt
      5. Abd al-Hamīd, Raf'at, Al-fikr al-Misrī fī al-Asr al-Masīh
      6. Al-Milal wa al-Nihal (Religions and creeds)
      7. Dirasat fi al- farq' (Studies in the Differences)
      8. Dr. Nawal al-Sa'dawi, God Resigns During the Summit
      9. Hirsi Ali, Ayyan, Infidel
      10. Imārah, M. The sedition of takfir between Shiah, Wahhabism & Sufism
      11. Khālid, Khālid Muḥammad, Maʿan ʿalā al-tarīq: Muḥammad wa-l-masīḥ (Together on the Road: Muḥammad and Christ)
      12. Lauth, Reinhard, Abraham and his Descendants with God
      13. Abd al-Samī, Amr; Al-Aqbāt wa-al Raqm al-Sab
      14. Yūsuf al-Atyar, Husnī, Sirr Maryam: Bayn al-Injīl wa-al-Qur'ān
      15. al-Atyar, H. Y., Beliefs of the unitarians between Islam and Christianity
      16. al-Bannā, Jamāl, My Coptic Bretheren
      17. Salim al-Awwa, M. Al-Nizām al-Siyāsī lil-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah
      18. al-Bishrī, Tāriq, Muslims and Copts in the frame of the patriotic group
      19. al-Fāis, Robier, Ukht Yahūdha
      20. al-Fāris, Robier, Samā min Turāb
      21. al-Fiqī, Mustafá, Copts in Egyptian politics
      22. al-Hindī, Rahmat Allāh, Izhār al-Haqq
      23. Al-Injīl wa-al-Salīb/ The Bible and the Cross (Abd al-Ahad Da'ūd al-Ashūrī al-Irāqī) (2004)
      24. al-Khālidī, Tarīf, Al-Masih al-Muslim
      25. al-Saqqā, Ahmad Hijāzī, Naqd al-Tawrāh,
      26. al-Tabarī, Alī Bin Rabban, al-Rad alá Asnāf al-Nasārah
      27. Bibāwī, N. L., Problems of Copts in Egypt and their solution
      28. Christian poets in the Arabian Peninsula
      29. Dalrymple, William, From the Holy Mountain, A journey in the shadow of Byzantium
      30. Dā'ūd, Abd al-Ahad, Muhammad in the Holy Book
      31. Fu'ād, M. The way of pain, sectarian strife from a Coptic point of view
      32. Goddard, Hugh, Muslim perceptions of Christianity
      33. Hanna, Mīlād, Acceptance of the other
      34. Imārah, M. Scientific notes on the book of Christ in Islam
      35. Dr. Muhammad 'Imarah, The Sedition of Takfir
      36. Jād Allāh, Talat, Qadayā sha'kah wa-ru'á mustaqbalīyah
      37. Labīb, H, Religious protection crisis: Religion & the State in Egypt
      38. Murjān, Muhammad Majdī, Al-Masīh: Insān am Ilāh?
      39. Murjān, Muhammad Majdī, Hal Allāh Wāhid am Thalūth?
      40. Pflanders, K.G, Mīzān al-Haqq
      41. Sādiq, Maurice, Copts and Rulers
      42. Rushdī, S. Life Journey, Egypt's treasures between Nāsir & Sādāt
      43. Anselm, Turmeda, Tuhfa al-Arīb fī al-Radd alá Ahl al-Salīb
      44. Van Nispen, Christian, Christians and Muslims are Brothers before God
      45. Yūsuf, Abū Sayf, Copts and Arab nationalism
      46. Zaborowski, J.R, The Coptic martyrdom of Johan of Phanijot
      47. Emigrant Copts, a field of study and worries of a nation and citizenship
      48. Al-Katībah al-Tibīyah (The Theban Legion)
  6. Dialogue
  7. Education in the Arab/Islamic World
  8. Media
    1. Efforts to combat the misuse of religion for political agendas through media outlets
    2. Western and Egyptian efforts to promote interreligious peace and tolerance
    3. Western groups highlighting discrimination against Arab Christians
    4. Film and television series
    5. Satellite channels
    6. Radio
    7. Internet
    8. Press Law/ Code of ethics
    9. Freedom of the Press
    10. Media Criticism
    11. Media History and Development
    12. Printed Media
  9. Judaism/ Discussions on Anti-Semitism
    1. Jewish communities in the Arab world and beyond
    2. Jewish-Muslims Relations
    3. Jewish-Arab Christian relations
    4. Discussions about Jewish-Muslim-Christian relations
    5. Anti-Semitism & discussions in the Arab media on anti-Semitism
    6. Jewish Messianism
    7. Messianic Jews/ Christian Jews
    8. Books related to Judaism, anti-Semitism and Christian Zionism
  10. Other religions or beliefs in the Arab/Islamic World
  11. Women, gender relations and children
    1. Discussions of LGBTQI Gender and Sexuality Issues in Society
    2. Laws regarding women traveling without asking their husband
    3. Representation of women in Coptic culture
    4. Violence Against Women
    5. Children
    6. Women in controversial public functions
    7. Female suffrage/Women in parliament
    8. Personal status laws, marriage and divorce
    9. Women issues reported in the Arab media
    10. Feminism
    11. Organizations concerned with women's rights
    12. Books about women's issues
  12. Refugees
  13. Developments in Christianity in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. 2017 - Terror attacks on Coptic Orthodox Churches in Egypt
    2. 2017 Papal Visit to Egypt
    3. 2017-Egyptian Christians fleeing Dā’ish in North Sinai
    4. Christian Missionaries in Egypt
    5. Christian thinkers
    6. Christianity and Tourism
    7. Church Counceling Courses as condition for marriage in the Coptic Orthodox Church
    8. Coptic Catholic Church
    9. Coptic Language
    10. Coptic Language
    11. Coptic Orthodox Church in the world
    12. Coptic Orthodox pilgrims to Jerusalem
    13. Pope Tuwāḍrūs II International State Visits
    14. Western missionaries
    15. The Bible and references to Christian theology
    16. Churches in the Arab/Islamic World
      1. Messianic Jews/ Christian Jews
      2. Development of Christian Theology Discourse
      3. Ministering development in rural areas (Egypt)
      4. Seventh-day Adventist Church
      5. Coptic Orthodox Church/ Celebrations
        1. Coptic Orthodox Youth Bishopric Celebrates 20 Years Of Activities
        2. Links (site of Coptic Pope)
        3. Numbers about church growth
        4. Relations between the Coptic Egyptian and Ethiopian Churches
        5. The Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ
        6. Christian feasts
        7. Christian celebrations
        8. Apparitions and miracles
        9. Calendar (Gregorian, Julian, Coptic)
        10. Patriarchs
        11. Coptic Orthodox General Bishops
        12. Coptic Orthodox Diocesan Bishops
        13. Coptic Orthodox abbots
        14. Coptic Orthodox priests and monks
          1. In line with the church
          2. Defrocked priests and monks [ARABIC term]
          3. Priests restricted in function [ARABIC term]
          4. Priests temporary out of function [ARABIC term]
          5. Priests who are or have been critiqued by the church hierarchy
          6. Priestly dynasties
          7. Discussions about excommunications of clergymen or laymen
          8. Discussions about priesthood and rules
        15. Excommunicated laymen
        16. Monastic life
        17. Coptic Orthodox retreat centers
        18. Coptic Orthodox Churches
        19. Structure of the Coptic Orthodox Church
        20. Issues related to the Coptic Church Discussed in Arab Media
        21. Movements Drawing People away from Church/ Establishing New Churches
        22. Internet Links (Coptic Church)
        23. Relations with other churches
      6. Greek Orthodox Church
      7. Greek Orthodox old calendar Church
      8. Russian Orthodox Church
      9. Armenian Orthodox Church
      10. Syrian Orthodox Church
      11. Macedonian Orthodox Church
      12. Catholic Churches in the Arab World
      13. Episcopal or Anglican Church
      14. Protestant Churches
    17. Relations between Christian Denominations
    18. Relations between Christian denominations and other religions
    19. Discussions about the separation of the church and the state
    20. Discussions about statistics of Christians in the Arab World
    21. Christian Organizations
    22. Book reviews with Christian themes
      1. Philip Fikrī, The Diaries of a Copt...One Who Belongs to This Country
      2. The divine will behind the structure of the church
      3. Developments of Christian books
      4. Banning books (or other works) in the Coptic Orthodox Church
      5. Al-Fāris, R. Kanīsah didda al-Ālam
      6. Al-Assāl, Al-Sāfī, Laws of Kings
      7. Father Mattá al-Miskīn, The Coptic Orthodox prayer
      8. Suryāl Attīyah, A. Coptic Encyclopedia
      9. Bibāwī, N. L. Asharah Muskilāt lil Aqbāt fī Misr
      10. Bishop Bīshūy, Sharh al-Ī;mān al-Urthuthūksī
      11. Brakke, D. Demons and the Making of the Monk
      12. Cannyer, C. Coptic Egypt, the Christians of the Nile
      13. Capuani, M. Christian Egypt; Coptic Art and Monuments
      14. Gabra, G. Be Thou There
      15. Ḥ;assan, S. S. Christians versus Muslims in Modern Egypt,
      16. Hopkins, N.S, Upper Egypt, Life along the Nile
      17. Jamāl al-Dīn, A. History of Egypt...
      18. Joyner R. The Harvest
      19. Kamāl, K. Talāq al-Aqbāt
      20. McClellan, M. Monasticism in Egypt
      21. Meinardus, O. Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity
      22. Meinardus, O. Christian Egypt; Faith and Life
      23. Miftāh, R. The Coptic Orthodox Liturgy of St. Basil
      24. Perry, P. Jesus in Egypt
      25. Nakhlah Rafā'īl, Y. The History of the Coptic Nation
      26. Vivian, T. Words to live by: Journeys in Ancient and Modern Egyptian Monasticism
      27. Watson, J. Among the Copts
      28. Wiens, C. Y. Coptic Life in Egypt
      29. Yūsuf, M. The Role & Relations of the Coptic Church during the Coptic Era
      30. Zibāwī, M. The Copts
      31. Encyclopedia of the History of Christianity in the East
      32. The Dispensation of the Institution of the Church & the Discipline of...
      33. The Spiritual Authority in the Church & the Ecclesiastic Juridical Tradition...
      34. The Coptic Church: Its History, Traditions, Theology and Structure
    23. Christian Political Activism
  14. Relations between Christians in the West and in the Arab World
    1. Christian activists trying to mobilize western public opinion on the Arab world
    2. USA
    3. Western Arab Christians creating understanding between East and West
    4. Western Christian organizations working in Egypt
    5. Churches in the West built by Migrants from Arab countries
    6. Arab Christians in the West involved in discussions about the position of Christians in non-Christian countries
    7. Organizations and movements in the Arab world and the West
    8. Position of Christian Communities in the West
    9. Arab media reporting on Western Christianity
    10. Criticizing Western preachers (for Western political leaders see 3.2.1)
    11. Arab reporting about Catholic Church
    12. Arab reporting about Western Christian delegations visiting Egypt
    13. Churches united with the Coptic Orthodox Church
    14. Articles about Western authors who have written about the church in Egypt
    15. Controversial Western books discussed in Egypt/Arab world-related to Christianity
  15. Political and Social Context in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. Prominent Egyptian political figures
    2. Slums/local areas
    3. The Arab Spring and Sykes Picot
    4. Egypt
      1. 2017-Terror attack on Sinai's St. Catherine Monastery
      2. Discussions of political causes and consequences of sectarian strife
      3. Efforts to combat terrorism
      4. Egypt- Ethiopian relations (Renaissance Dam Issue)
      5. Egyptian Air Forces
      6. Egyptian-Asian Relations
      7. Influential Egyptian Christian Figures ‎
      8. Intra-Arab relations (Egypt relations with Arab countries)
      9. National mourning day for the victims of churches' terror attack on Palm Sunday
      10. Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF)
      11. The right to conscientious objection of military service ‎
      12. Thesis on social attititudes towards human rights
      13. Nationalism, nationalist deeds of individuals
      14. The Egyptian government
      15. Parliament/People's Assembly (Majlis al-Shab)
      16. Senate (Shūrá Council)
      17. Political parties/movements
      18. Governorates
      19. Egyptian-American Relations
      20. Egyptian-European relations
      21. Egyptian-Israeli Relations
      22. Discussions about the role of Christians in Egyptian politics
      23. Discussions about the role of Christians in Pakistani politics
      24. Discussions about political reform
      25. Discussion about Pan-arabism
    5. Human rights in the Arab World
      1. Human rights organizations
      2. Discussions about human rights in general
      3. Discussions about the role of human rights organizations
      4. Human rights organizations based in Egypt
      5. Organizations working on women rights issues (see 11.17)
      6. International and Western Human rights organizations working in the Arab world
      7. Discussions about police violence, torture and procedures
      8. Discussions about applying the law in land conflicts/land appropriation
      9. Arab discussions about human rights in the West
      10. Main human rights issues mentioned in the press covered by AWR
    6. Civil society/ Advocacy of Democratization
    7. Social issues
    8. Centers for Social and Political Research
    9. Consequences for development/economy
    10. islamic economy
    11. Business people affecting social and economic development in the Arab world
    12. Communities in Egyptian society with distinct cultural identities
    13. UN organizations working in the Arab World
  16. Legal Institutions and Discussions about Laws
  17. Arab-Israeli Conflict
  18. Archeology and Culture in Arab countries
  19. History
    1. Egyptian history
    2. Islamic History
    3. Egypt
    4. Algeria
    5. Bahrain
    6. Iraq
    7. Israel
    8. Jordan
    9. Kuwait
    10. Lebanon
    11. Libya
    12. Morocco
    13. Oman
    14. Palestine
    15. Qatar
    16. Saudi Arabia
    17. Sudan
    18. Syria
    19. Tunisia
    20. United Arab Emirates (UAE)
    21. Yemen
    22. Non-Arab countries
    23. Somalia