Displaying 61 - 70 of 700.
Background: Dr. Naṣr Ḥāmid Abū Zayd (10.7.1943–5.7.2010) was an Egyptian Qurʾānic thinker and scholar. He is famous for his contextual interpretations of the Qurʾān, which sparked a lot of controversy amongst fundamentalist Islamic thinkers. In May 1992, Abū Zayd was in a position to get a...
Background: Out of 60 million Egyptian people (statistics from 1995), there is not one person who could fulfil the position of vice-president, according to then-president Ḥusnī Mubārak, which has been the case for around 14 years. In 1995, Mubārak was the victim of an assassination attempt in Addis...
ʾAbū al-ʿAlā Māḍī was born in 1958 into a religious, Muslim family in Minia, Egypt. In 1996, he became the co-founder of Hizb al-Wasat (Center Party) which simultaneously signaled his break from the Muslim Brotherhood. The establishment of a political party with an Islamic background touches on a...
ʿUmar ʿAbd al-Raḥman was born in 1938 in the village of al-Jamālīyah on the Nile Delta. He lost his sight ten months after his birth due to childhood diabetes. In 1993, ʿAbd al-Raḥman was charged with leading a terrorist group that orchestrated several terrorist attacks.ʿAbd al-Raḥman was convicted...
ʿIṣām al-ʿIrīyān was born in 1954 in Giza, Egypt. al-ʿIrīyān is a member of the “middle generation" of Brotherhood leaders, who developed their political stance in students’ politics in the early 1970s. He maintains a fundamentally Islamic world view and as such propagates the application of the...
Dr. ʿAlī al-Sammān was born in 1929. He is an Egyptian professor who has lived in France and received his Ph.D. Dr. al-Sammān has participated in a large number of seminars and dialogues, and his activities stem from his belief in the importance of dialogues and meetings dealing with Islam and the...
Rifʿat al-Saʿīd was born in al-Mansūrah, al-Daqahlīyah governorate on 11 October, 1932. al-Saʿīd is considered as one of the most prominent leftist figures in Egypt. In 2005, al-Saʿīd criticized the amendment proposed by President Ḥusnī Mubārak to article 67 of the Egyptian constitution. The...
Nawāl al-Saʿdāwī was born in Kafr Tahlah in Egypt's Delta, in 1931. Arab Women's Solidarity Association (AWSA) which was headed by al-Saʿdāwī  came to existence as an international non-profit organization that aims at promoting Arab women's active participation in social, economic, cultural, and...
Muḥammad Khayrat al-Shāṭir is generally seen as the financial leader of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. He was elected deputy to the Supreme Guide of the organization in 2003. al-Shāṭir was born May 5, 1950, in al-Daqahlīyah, Egypt. He has been active in Islamic, political activities since the...
Muḥammad Ḥabīb was born in 1943 and holds the position of  First Deputy for the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. Ḥabīb is part of the older generation of the Muslim Brotherhood. This older generation is usually considered to be very cautious about cooperating with the state. They...

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