t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
al-Muhājirūn

the people who left Quraish with Prophet Muhammad

al-Muʾazin

The person that calls for prayer

al-muʿtazilah

Ummayad and Abbassid era school of Islamic thought which emphasized reason and rational thought in approaching Islamic theology. The movement was centered around Basra and Baghdad.

al-Nāzaḥīn

Palestinian refugees of 1967 (Jordanian point of view: those who fled during and in the aftermath of the 1967 war; Israeli point of view: those who fled just within the six days of the war)

Al-Nūr (An Egyptian Salafī Party)
al-Qāhirah

Cairo

al-Quds (Jerusalem)

Arabic name of Jerusalem and mainly used by Muslims, while Arab Christians use the term 'Urshalim'

al-Quds (Jerusalem)
Al-Salāmu ’alaykum wa raḥmatu ’Allāhi wa Barakātuh
al-Taʿāruf
al-Umma al-Qibtiya
al-Zāhirī

Lit: literalist. School of thought that rejects qiyas.

Al-ʾAzān [The Call Prayer Of Islam]
al-ʿadālah

Criteria for evaluating hadith narrators (muhaddith) based on their morality and decorum.

Al-‘asr [The Third Prayer In Islam]
Allāh

Arabic term for “One God.” all monotheistic religions.

Allāh Akbar
Amīr

Title prince/leader Islamic group chosen by election.

Amshīr
Anbā

Title of bishop/saint in Coptic Orthodox Church

anjas

another word for unclean, who are insulting for the Prophet Muhammad

aqṣā
arkān al-Islām/ arkān al-dīn (Five Pillars of Islam)
Arraf
Asba
Awqāf
Āyat Allāh

Title of major Shīcah clergymen - “sign of God.”

Azhar
Bahā’ī

Religion, Persia 1863, emphasizing spiritual unity of humankind.

Baḥrāwī

Coptic dialect 

baltaja
balṭajīya

The balṭagīya, Baltageya in Egyptian dialect, is a term to refer to a group of mainly men who gather to attack people during demonstrations in order to produce turmoil. During the Arab spring demonstrations and in the aftermath balṭagīya were used - most presumably by both the state and different lobby groups -  to influence the dynamics of demonstrations, to (sexually) threaten women in order to prevent them from participating and to accuse  the respectively other side of inciting violence.  

Baramhāt
Bard
Bāṭin
Bayt al-māl

Muslim's treasury during the reign of Islamic caliphs.

Bayt al-Ṭāʿah

Outdated, husband’s house, woman return, cases unlawful desertion.

Bayt al-Ummah

title given to the residence of the leader of  Egypt's 1919 Revolution, Sa'ad Zaghlūl and his wife, Safiyya

 

Bayʿah

Allegiance to Islamic political system/Islamic Caliphate.

Bedouin
bidʿa
Bismillāh al-Rahmān al-Rahīm

“In name of God, the Merciful the Compassionate.”

Bohra
Burqa

Wraparound mask-like clothing to veil woman face.

Cabbala

Mystical teachings in Judaism of creation and spirituality.

Da'awa

Preaching.

Dā'iyāt (female form for Dā'iyāh)

female Muslim preachers

Dar Al Har
Dār al-Ḥarb

Old Term- areas ruled non-Muslims, practice Islam unsafe.

Dār al-Iftā’

Islamic authority responsible for issuing religious edicts (fatwás).

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