t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
al-Quds (Jerusalem)
Al-Salāmu ’alaykum wa raḥmatu ’Allāhi wa Barakātuh
al-Taʿāruf
al-Zāhirī

Lit: literalist. School of thought that rejects qiyas.

Al-ʾAzān [The Call Prayer Of Islam]
al-ʿadālah

Criteria for evaluating hadith narrators (muhaddith) based on their morality and decorum.

Al-‘asr [The Third Prayer In Islam]
Allāh

Arabic term for “One God.” all monotheistic religions.

Amīr

Title prince/leader Islamic group chosen by election.

Amshīr
Anbā

Title of bishop/saint in Coptic Orthodox Church

anjas

another word for unclean, who are insulting for the Prophet Muhammad

aqsa
arkān al-Islām/ arkān al-dīn (Five Pillars of Islam)
Awqāf
Āyat Allāh

Title of major Shīcah clergymen - “sign of God.”

Azhar
Bahā’ī

Religion, Persia 1863, emphasizing spiritual unity of humankind.

Baḥrāwī

Coptic dialect 

baltaja
balṭajīya

The balṭagīya, Baltageya in Egyptian dialect, is a term to refer to a group of mainly men who gather to attack people during demonstrations in order to produce turmoil. During the Arab spring demonstrations and in the aftermath balṭagīya were used - most presumably by both the state and different lobby groups -  to influence the dynamics of demonstrations, to (sexually) threaten women in order to prevent them from participating and to accuse  the respectively other side of inciting violence.  

Baramhāt
Bāṭin
Bayt al-māl

Muslim's treasury during the reign of Islamic caliphs.

Bayt al-Ṭāʿah

Outdated, husband’s house, woman return, cases unlawful desertion.

Bayt al-Ummah

title given to the residence of the leader of  Egypt's 1919 Revolution, Sa'ad Zaghlūl and his wife, Safiyya

 

Bayʿah

Allegiance to Islamic political system/Islamic Caliphate.

Bedouin
bidʿa
Bismillāh al-Rahmān al-Rahīm

“In name of God, the Merciful the Compassionate.”

Bohra
Burqa

Wraparound mask-like clothing to veil woman face.

Cabbala

Mystical teachings in Judaism of creation and spirituality.

Da'awa

Preaching.

Dā'iyāt (female form for Dā'iyāh)

female Muslim preachers

Dār al-Ḥarb

Old Term- areas ruled non-Muslims, practice Islam unsafe.

Dār al-Iftā’

Islamic authority responsible for issuing religious edicts (fatwás).

Dār al-Islām

Countries/territories - Muslims can freely practice their faith.

Dār al-Kufr

Muslim designation for non-Muslim countries.

Dār al-Salām

Dār al-Islām or abode of Islam

dawliyya
Dayr
Daʿish (The Islamic State, ISIS, ISIL)
Dāʿiyah

Preacher Islam. Calls Muslims, non-Muslims become good Muslims.

Daʿwah

Act of calling non-Muslims and Muslims to practice Islam.

dā‘ī
Dhikr

Repeatedly saying God’s name in the heart.

dhikr
Dhimmah

Treaty guarantees protection for non-Muslims in Muslim country.

Dhimmī

Person belonging to a people described, ahl al-dhimmah.

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