t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Diakonia
Dīyah

Financial compensation (or blood-money) for injuries/death.

Du‘ā’

Supplications to God, not regular prayers, completed simultaneously.

dʿawa
Effindiyyah

Western influenced urban middle class in the Arab World.

Eid
Faqīh

Islamic jurist; knowledgeable of Islamic law

Farḍ

Obligatory for Muslims. Little difference between fard + wajib.

Farḍ kifāyah

A communal obligation in Muslim legal doctrine.

Farḍ ‘ayn

Personal obligation all Muslims. Different collective obligative acts.

Farīḍah

Same as farḍ.

Fatḥ

Literally: Opening. Fatḥ, places peacefully taken over- Muslims.

Fātiḥah

Opening sūrah of the Qur’ān.

Fatwā

Legal opinion or ruling given by a Muslim scholar, based on knowledge of the sharīcah.

Feddan

Unit of land in Egypt and Sudan, 4200m².

fellah
Fidā’ī

Somebody engages in warfare, knowing might die for cause.

Fidyah

Sacrifice/ransom atones for omitting worship in ḥajj.

fikr
Fiqh

Science of Islamic jurisprudence, extracting laws Qur’an/Sunna.

Fiqh ʾal-waqaʿ

Science of current affairs, in other words, it is an islamic science that helps to solve social problems from a religious islamic perspective.

Firmān
Fitnah
Fitnah Ṭāʾifīyah

Sectarian strife between two religious communities, one country.

Fulūl

Term used by Islamists for Mubarak’s old guard 

ḥadīth

A saying attributed to Prophet Muhammad

ḥaḍra
Ḥajj
Ḥalāl

Muslim decription for something that is permitted in Islam

ḥallu yā ḥallu’‎

Egyptian slang for to arrive, to occur, and is used in chanting to welcome the fasting month of Ramadan

Hamāyūnī

Ottoman reform decree, 1856, regulating building of churches.

Hamāyūnī Decree
ḥamriyāt

wine poetry

Ḥanafi (Hanafī)

One of the main Four schools of religious law, Sunni Islam.

Ḥanbali

One of the main Four schools of religious law, Sunni Islam.

 

 

Ḥarām

Forbidden under Islam

hātib

preacher, speaker

Hibah

Marriage statement by woman not legal in sharīcah.

Hidāyah
Ḥijāb

hijāb is the head scarf.
Hijrah

Muslims emigrating to Yathrib (later al-Madīnah) in 622AD.

Hijrī

Muslim calendar, which is lunar, began in 622 AD.

Ḥirābah

Unlawful warfare like piracy, banditry or intimidation of innocent people, punishable, according to the Qur'ān, by execution, crucifixion, amputation of limbs from opposite sides or banishment.

Ḥisba

The Islamic concept of accountability, giving any Muslim the right to bring another before the court for violating religious principles.

ḥisbah
Holy Myron
Ḥudūd

Punishments specified in the sharīʿa

hūr (pl. of ḥawrāʾ

Regardless of the gender of the houris themselves, the Quran does state that in Heaven, all believers would be granted not only the eternal company of houris, but also that of "boys of perpetual freshness", as stated in two different verses of the Quran:

Quran 52:24

Round about the believers will serve, to them, young boys, who will be as pearls well-guarded.

alternatively translated as:

And there will go round boy-servants of theirs, to serve them, as if they were preserved pearls.

Quran 56:17

They will be served by immortal eternal young boys ... as fair as virgin pearls

Ḥadd

Boundary between ḥalāl (lawful) and ḥarām (unlawful).

Ḥadīth

Sayings, legal statements/practices of important Islamic figures.

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