t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Dār al-Islām

Countries/territories - Muslims can freely practice their faith.

Dār al-Kufr

Muslim designation for non-Muslim countries.

Dār al-Salām

Dār al-Islām or abode of Islam

Dar El salam
Darb
dawliyya
Dayr
Dāʿiyah

Preacher Islam. Calls Muslims, non-Muslims become good Muslims.

Daʿwah

Act of calling non-Muslims and Muslims to practice Islam.

dā‘ī
Dhikr

Repeatedly saying God’s name in the heart.

dhikr
Dhimma
Dhimmah

Treaty guarantees protection for non-Muslims in Muslim country.

Dhimmī

Person belonging to a people described, ahl al-dhimmah.

Diakonia
Dīyah

Financial compensation (or blood-money) for injuries/death.

Du‘ā’

Supplications to God, not regular prayers, completed simultaneously.

dʿawa
Effindiyyah

Western influenced urban middle class in the Arab World.

Eid
Faqīh

Islamic jurist; knowledgeable of Islamic law

Farḍ

Obligatory for Muslims. Little difference between fard + wajib.

Farḍ kifāyah

A communal obligation in Muslim legal doctrine.

Farḍ ‘ayn

Personal obligation all Muslims. Different collective obligative acts.

Farīḍah

Same as farḍ.

fāsiqūn
Fatḥ

Literally: Opening. Fatḥ, places peacefully taken over- Muslims.

Fātiḥah

Opening sūrah of the Qur’ān.

Fatwā

Legal opinion or ruling given by a Muslim scholar, based on knowledge of the sharīcah.

Feddan

Unit of land in Egypt and Sudan, 4200m².

fellah
Fidā’ī

Somebody engages in warfare, knowing might die for cause.

Fidyah

Sacrifice/ransom atones for omitting worship in ḥajj.

fikr
Fiqh

Science of Islamic jurisprudence, extracting laws Qur’an/Sunna.

Fiqh ʾal-waqaʿ

Science of current affairs, in other words, it is an islamic science that helps to solve social problems from a religious islamic perspective.

Firmān
Fitnah
Fitnah Ṭāʾifīyah

Sectarian strife between two religious communities, one country.

Fulūl

Term used by Islamists for Mubarak’s old guard 

ḥadīth

A saying attributed to Prophet Muhammad

ḥaḍra
Ḥajj
Ḥākimiyyah
Ḥalāl

Muslim decription for something that is permitted in Islam

Halat Hissar
ḥallu yā ḥallu’‎

Egyptian slang for to arrive, to occur, and is used in chanting to welcome the fasting month of Ramadan

Hamāyūnī

Ottoman reform decree, 1856, regulating building of churches.

Hamāyūnī Decree

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