t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
ḥamriyāt

wine poetry

Ḥanafi (Hanafī)

One of the main Four schools of religious law, Sunni Islam.

Ḥanbali

One of the main Four schools of religious law, Sunni Islam.

 

 

Ḥarām

Forbidden under Islam

hātib

preacher, speaker

Hibah

Marriage statement by woman not legal in sharīcah.

Hidāyah
Ḥijāb

hijāb is the head scarf.
Hijrah

Muslims emigrating to Yathrib (later al-Madīnah) in 622AD.

Hijrī

Muslim calendar, which is lunar, began in 622 AD.

Ḥirābah

Unlawful warfare like piracy, banditry or intimidation of innocent people, punishable, according to the Qur'ān, by execution, crucifixion, amputation of limbs from opposite sides or banishment.

Ḥisba

The Islamic concept of accountability, giving any Muslim the right to bring another before the court for violating religious principles.

ḥisbah
Holy Myron
Ḥudūd

Punishments specified in the sharīʿa

hūr (pl. of ḥawrāʾ

Regardless of the gender of the houris themselves, the Quran does state that in Heaven, all believers would be granted not only the eternal company of houris, but also that of "boys of perpetual freshness", as stated in two different verses of the Quran:

Quran 52:24

Round about the believers will serve, to them, young boys, who will be as pearls well-guarded.

alternatively translated as:

And there will go round boy-servants of theirs, to serve them, as if they were preserved pearls.

Quran 56:17

They will be served by immortal eternal young boys ... as fair as virgin pearls

Ḥadd

Boundary between ḥalāl (lawful) and ḥarām (unlawful).

Ḥadīth

Sayings, legal statements/practices of important Islamic figures.

Ḥadīth al-Nabawīy

Al-aḥādīth al-nabawīyah (plural): Sayings, legal statements/practices Prophet Muhammad.

Ḥadīth al-Qudsī

Part of al-aḥādīth al-nabawīyah- believed to be God's word.

Ḥajj

One of five pillars of Islam. Pilgrimage- Mecca.

Ḥājjah

A Woman who will/has been on ḥajj.

Ḥākimīyyah

The divine governance of Allah according to the Islamic government system.

Ḥalāl

Allowed according sharīcah. Applies to food,every action.

Ḥanafī

Four main schools fiqh, religious law, within Sunni Islam.

Ḥanbalī

Four main schools of Sunni Islam- explains Sunna.

Ḥarām

A thing, matter/action, forbidden according to sharicah.

Ḥijāb

Popularly used khimār. Ḥijāb literally: screen separating men/women.

Ḥijāmah

“Cupping,”traditional medical treatment using a hot cup.

Ḥisbah

Right of individual to file a case if Islam is wronged.

Id al-Fitr
Iftar
Ifṭār

Breakfast, the meal that ends fasting during Ramaḍān.

Ijaz Al Quraan
Ijmā‘

Unanimity or consensus of Muslim scholars.

Ijtihād

Mujtahid’s process of making a legal decision.

Ikhwanise
Ilm
Ilm Al Shariah
Imām

A man nominated to lead Muslims in prayer.

Imāmah

Imamate; Supreme leadership of Muslims in the world.

Imāmīyah

Twelver Shīcah. The main stream of Shīcah Islam.

imams
imƗms
Infitāḥ

The infitāḥ (engl. opening)- policy of Anwar al-Sadat was marked by a neoliberal re-structuring of the economic system and an opening of the national markets to trade, private investments and foreign money after the 1973 war with Israel.

 

 

inshāʾallah
Intifāḍa
irḥāl

"irḥāl" (Step down; go away) was the slogan in demonstrations against Muḥammad Mursī 

Isdāl

Form of veiled women's dress, similar to Iranian one.

Isis (Goddess)

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