t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Ḥalāl

Allowed according sharīcah. Applies to food,every action.

Ḥanafī

Four main schools fiqh, religious law, within Sunni Islam.

Ḥanbalī

Four main schools of Sunni Islam- explains Sunna.

Ḥarām

A thing, matter/action, forbidden according to sharicah.

Ḥijāb

Popularly used khimār. Ḥijāb literally: screen separating men/women.

Ḥijāmah

“Cupping,”traditional medical treatment using a hot cup.

Ḥisbah

Right of individual to file a case if Islam is wronged.

Id al-Fitr
Ifṭār

Breakfast, the meal that ends fasting during Ramaḍān.

Ijmā‘

Unanimity or consensus of Muslim scholars.

Ijtihād

Mujtahid’s process of making a legal decision.

Ikhwanise
Imām

A man nominated to lead Muslims in prayer.

Imāmah

Imamate; Supreme leadership of Muslims in the world.

Imāmīyah

Twelver Shīcah. The main stream of Shīcah Islam.

imams
Infitāḥ

The infitāḥ (engl. opening)- policy of Anwar al-Sadat was marked by a neoliberal re-structuring of the economic system and an opening of the national markets to trade, private investments and foreign money after the 1973 war with Israel.

 

 

inshāʾallah
Intifāḍa
irḥāl

"irḥāl" (Step down; go away) was the slogan in demonstrations against Muḥammad Mursī 

Isdāl

Form of veiled women's dress, similar to Iranian one.

Isis (Goddess)
Islam
Ismāʿīlīyah

Sevener Shīcah recognizes Ismācīl, the son sixth imām Jacfar.

isnād

The isnād of a hadith is its chain of narrators 

Isrāʾīlīyāt

Body of hadīth originates from Judeo-Christian traditions

Istiḥlāl

 a term used in Islamic jurisprudence, or fiqh, to refer to the act of regarding some action as permissible, or ḥālāl; the implication is that such a regard is an erroneous and improper distortion of Islamic law.

Istiḥsān

the use of one’s own judgment to determine the best solution to a religious problem that cannot be solved by citing sacred texts

Ithm

Great sin (Islam)

Jāhilīyah

In Islam, period preceding the revelation of Qur’ān, known as the time of ignorance.

 

jallābīyah
jamāʿat

(meaning Assembly) can apply to the following: Jamia - a gathering or congregation; place of gathering. 

Jamʿ Muʾannath Sālim
Jaʿfarī

The law system of Twelver Shiite is Islam

Jehovah(Yahweh)

Jehovah, the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible."Jehovah" was popularized in the English-speaking world by William Tyndale and other pioneer English Protestant translations such as the Geneva Bible and the King James Version. It is still used in some translations, such as the New World Translation and Young's Literal Translation, but it is does not appear in most mainstream English translations, as the terms "Lord" or "LORD": used instead, generally indicating that the corresponding Hebrew is Yahweh. 

Jihād

“Striving in the way of God,” Purifying oneself, Holy war

Jihādī (jihadi / jihadist)

Warrior for a holy cause

Jilbāb
Jinn

Beings created of smokeless fire, held accountable by God.

Jizya (al-Jizyah)

Tax imposed on non-Muslims living under Muslim rule.

jūda/gūdah
Junūd
Kabāʾir

Major sin. Scholar al-Shaykh al-Dhahabī counts 70 sins.

Kabīrah

Major sin. al-Shaykh al-Dhahabī counts 70 such sins.

Kāfir

Unbeliever, one who knows Islam's origin and denies it. Also he who covers up  the truth. Plural: kuffār.

 

Kāhin

had the power to lead his tribe spiritually and to advise the tribal leader through divine inspiration

kaḥk‎
kalām

 

litt: speech. In popular usage it means ‘words only,’ as empty talk.

In the classical Arabic of seminaries  and in Muslim intellectual circles it refers to scholastic theology.

Ka‘bah

Cube-shaped shrine believed was built by Prophet Ibrāhīm.

Khalīfah

The Caliph was the successor of the Prophet in ruling the Islamic Ummah, Caliphate. The Caliph was different from the Prophet in not receiving any revelations. The Caliph’s role was to execute the revelations in the daily life of the community. This position evolved into being the head of the ruling dynasty.of a Muslim state  perceived as an empire or commonwealth and described as a caliphate (khilafa. The Caliph was different from the Prophet in not receiving any revelations. The Caliph’s role was to execute the revelations in the daily life of the community. This position evolved into being the head of the ruling dynasty.of a Muslim state  perceived as an empire or commonwealth and described as a caliphate (khilafa).

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