t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Khārij

Dissident. [Plural: Khawārij]

Khawājah
Khawārij [Kharijites]

Late 7th Century AD once-supporters of Orthodox Caliph Imām 'Alī Ibn Abī Tālib, the son-in-law and cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, who later rejected his leadership.

khilāfah

Islamic state headed by khalifah

Khimār

Commonly known as ḥijāb. Headscarf, covers head and neck.

Khulwah

Seclusion unmarried couples, without maḥram, leads to ḥarām.

Khulʿ

Woman divorces a man. Returns dowry and forgoes finances.

khurūj

"khurūj" is a term in islamic law that refers to the ousting of an unjust ruler that is legal because the ruler violates Sharʿīah principles [M.Feise, 09.02.16] 

Khuṭabāʾ
Khuṭba

The formal occasion for Islamic preaching, traditionally occuring Friday at noon.

Kitāb al-Umm

Kitāb al-Umm is a juristic book, assumably developed by  Imām ash-Shāfi‘ī (767-820), the founder of the Shafi'i School, one of the four Sunni main branches of Islam.

Kitabi
Kiyahk
Kubrī al-Sharbāt
Kuffār

 

Popular usage: unbelievers. Plural  form for Kafir. which traditionally means he who covers up  the truth.

 

Kufr
Kurds
Kuttāb

Islamic classes attached to mosque, children taught the Qur’ān.

lā ʾilāha ʾillāllāh, muḥammadur-rasūlullāh

Meaning: There is no god but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God

Laylat al-qadr

“Night of power”, Ramaḍān, Prophet was revealed the Qur’ān

Madhhab

A school of Islamic law

madīḥ

Panegyrik poetry

madrassa

Arabic for school; in the traditional sense a school where children study the Qur'an

Mahdī

‘Rightly Guided one’. Return of Jesus before Day of Judgment.

maḥlūl

maḥlūl: miri land that could be converted by the order of the sultan into matruk mahmiyya (property for general use such as lakes or roads) or into matruk murfaqa (property for use by a particular community such as market places and cemeteries) [AWR Paper Nr. 15]

Mahr

Islamic mandatory clause from groom to bride upon marriage.

Maḥram

Close kin with whom marriage is forbidden.

Majlis al-ʾUmmah

The National Assembly of Kuwait, thus the country's legislative power

Makrūh

Literally "detested." Thing or action that is detested.

Malakī
Mālikī

Four main schools of religious law, Sunni Islam.

mamlūk
mamlūk, mamālīk
Mashyakha
Maṣlaḥa
Matn

An Islamic term that is used in relation to Hadith evaluation

mawālid
Mawā’id al-Raḥmān
mawḍūʿ

A hadith whose origins cannot be determined or whose narrator is known to be lying; a hadith deemed to be false based on the criteria of al-jarh wa al-ta'dil.

Mawlāna
Mawlid
māʾidat al raḥmān
Ma’dhūn

Religious official responsible for marrying couples

mā’ida
Midān
Miḥrāb

Niche in Mosque's wall that shows Mecca's direction.

Millī (Community)
Mirī

Miri: cultivated or cultivatable land acquired for the state through conquest or through forfeiture of milk due to the failure of heirs to cultivate it. An individual is able to gain rights over miri land by cultivating it and paying taxes, but the state continued to regulate its transfer and improvement. The tenant's rights to miri were forfeited by failure to cultivate the land. The ownership of such forfeited land is compromised. [AWR Paper Nr. 15]

Misyār

Marriage where woman willingly surrenders some rights.

Mufṣada

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