t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Kāfir

Unbeliever, one who knows Islam's origin and denies it. Also he who covers up  the truth. Plural: kuffār.

 

Kāhin

had the power to lead his tribe spiritually and to advise the tribal leader through divine inspiration

kaḥk‎
kalām

 

litt: speech. In popular usage it means ‘words only,’ as empty talk.

In the classical Arabic of seminaries  and in Muslim intellectual circles it refers to scholastic theology.

Ka‘bah

Cube-shaped shrine believed was built by Prophet Ibrāhīm.

Khalīfah

The Caliph was the successor of the Prophet in ruling the Islamic Ummah, Caliphate. The Caliph was different from the Prophet in not receiving any revelations. The Caliph’s role was to execute the revelations in the daily life of the community. This position evolved into being the head of the ruling dynasty.of a Muslim state  perceived as an empire or commonwealth and described as a caliphate (khilafa. The Caliph was different from the Prophet in not receiving any revelations. The Caliph’s role was to execute the revelations in the daily life of the community. This position evolved into being the head of the ruling dynasty.of a Muslim state  perceived as an empire or commonwealth and described as a caliphate (khilafa).

Khamīs al-‘Ahd
Khārij

Dissident. [Plural: Khawārij]

Khawājah
Khawārij [Kharijites]

Late 7th Century AD once-supporters of Orthodox Caliph Imām 'Alī Ibn Abī Tālib, the son-in-law and cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, who later rejected his leadership.

khilāfah

Islamic state headed by khalifah

Khimār

Commonly known as ḥijāb. Headscarf, covers head and neck.

Khulwah

Seclusion unmarried couples, without maḥram, leads to ḥarām.

Khulʿ

Woman divorces a man. Returns dowry and forgoes finances.

khurūj

"khurūj" is a term in islamic law that refers to the ousting of an unjust ruler that is legal because the ruler violates Sharʿīah principles [M.Feise, 09.02.16] 

Khuṭabāʾ
Khuṭba

The formal occasion for Islamic preaching, traditionally occuring Friday at noon.

Kitāb al-Umm

Kitāb al-Umm is a juristic book, assumably developed by  Imām ash-Shāfi‘ī (767-820), the founder of the Shafi'i School, one of the four Sunni main branches of Islam.

Kitabi
Kiyahk
Kubrī al-Sharbāt
Kuffār

 

Popular usage: unbelievers. Plural  form for Kafir. which traditionally means he who covers up  the truth.

 

Kufr
Kurds
Kuttāb

Islamic classes attached to mosque, children taught the Qur’ān.

Kyahk (Kiahk)
lā ʾilāha ʾillāllāh, muḥammadur-rasūlullāh

Meaning: There is no god but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God

Laylat al-qadr

“Night of power”, Ramaḍān, Prophet was revealed the Qur’ān

Madhhab

A school of Islamic law

madīḥ

Panegyrik poetry

madrassa

Arabic for school; in the traditional sense a school where children study the Qur'an

Mahdī

‘Rightly Guided one’. Return of Jesus before Day of Judgment.

maḥlūl

maḥlūl: miri land that could be converted by the order of the sultan into matruk mahmiyya (property for general use such as lakes or roads) or into matruk murfaqa (property for use by a particular community such as market places and cemeteries) [AWR Paper Nr. 15]

Mahr

Islamic mandatory clause from groom to bride upon marriage.

Maḥram

Close kin with whom marriage is forbidden.

Majlis al-ʾUmmah

The National Assembly of Kuwait, thus the country's legislative power

Makrūh

Literally "detested." Thing or action that is detested.

Malakī
Mālikī

Four main schools of religious law, Sunni Islam.

mamlūk
mamlūk, mamālīk
Mashyakha
Maṣlaḥa
Matn

An Islamic term that is used in relation to Hadith evaluation

mawālid
Mawā’id al-Raḥmān
mawḍūʿ

A hadith whose origins cannot be determined or whose narrator is known to be lying; a hadith deemed to be false based on the criteria of al-jarh wa al-ta'dil.

Mawlāna
Mawlid
māʾidat al raḥmān

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