t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Mawlid
māʾidat al raḥmān
Ma’dhūn

Religious official responsible for marrying couples

mā’ida
Midān
Miḥrāb

Niche in Mosque's wall that shows Mecca's direction.

Millī (Community)
Mirī

Miri: cultivated or cultivatable land acquired for the state through conquest or through forfeiture of milk due to the failure of heirs to cultivate it. An individual is able to gain rights over miri land by cultivating it and paying taxes, but the state continued to regulate its transfer and improvement. The tenant's rights to miri were forfeited by failure to cultivate the land. The ownership of such forfeited land is compromised. [AWR Paper Nr. 15]

Misyār

Marriage where woman willingly surrenders some rights.

Mufṣada
Muftī

Islamic scholar with the authorization to give fatwas, who has received an official appointment, high ranking government official.

mughasil

An Islamic term for someone who does the ritual washing of the dead before burrial. Many believe that someone who does this often has a better change to go to heaven

Muḥaddith

Title for a transmitter or interpreter of hadith. 

Muḥāfaẓa

first-level administrative division of many Arab countries, and a second-level administrative division in Saudi Arabia

Muhājir

Muslim who migrates for the sake of God.

Muḥarram

the first month in the Islamic Hijrī calendar

Muḥibb

Follower / lover (the first rank of membership within the Muslim Brotherhood)

Mujāhid

One who struggles to purify oneself morally and spiritually.

Mujāhidin

Warriors for Jihād. Plural of Mujāhid.

Mujtahid

Islamic Scholar- makes legal decisions on subjects not in Quraan/Sunnah.

Mukarassah

Consecrated woman who, unlike nuns, works in society.

Mūlid

Festifity to celebrate a saint or religious event.

Mullā

Muslim man trained in Islamic doctrine/law, head of mosque.

Munkar

Things/actions that are considered ḥarām (prohibited) in Islam.

munshid
Muntasīb

 Affiliated (the third rank of membership of the Muslim brotherhood)

Muntaẓim

Organizer (the fourth rank of membership within the Muslim Brotherhood)

Muqaddam al-ṣadāq

Prompt dower, gift to the bride

Muqaddis

Christian who made pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

Muqarassat
Murīd

Person committed to teacher in spiritual path of Sufism

Murshid

Litt: Guide, title of the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood

Murtadd

Apostate, someone who turns away from Islam.

Musaharātī

a traditional person who roams a residential area beating a drum during Ramadan nights to wake people to eat their Suḥūr before the call for prayer at dawn]

muṣḥaf
Mushrik

Person not believing in the unity of God.

Mushrikīn

Plural of Mushrek. Mushrekīn are polytheists which is firmly denounced in Islam

Muslimūn bilā Ḥudūd
Muṣḥaf

The original Qur’ānic text, without exegesis/human explanation.

Mutakallimūn (dialectical theologians)
Mutar
mutawātir ("successive")

mutawātir ("successive") is a category for the isnād ("transmission") of a hadith

Mutʿah

Mutcah marriage is a fixed-term marriage

Muwaḥidūn
Muʾayyid

Supporter (the second rank of membership within the Muslim Brotherhood)

Muʿalim
Muʿtazilah

Islamic school of thought, applying reason to the Qur’ān.

Mu’akhkhar al-Ṣadāq

Husband obliged to pay wife portion of dowry.

Mu’azin

Person who performs the call to prayer.

Nahḍa

Litt: Renaissance. Name chosen by the Muslim Brotherhood for their political-economic and scientific program in 2012. This name was earlier used for the secular cultural revival in the Arab world at the end of the 19th century and beginning  of the 20th Century in which the core actors were Arab Christians.  Where Christians focused on the Arabic heritage Islamists aimed at  connecting the Arabic and Islamic heritage.

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