t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Nīyah
Pasha

Civil or military official in the Ottoman Empire.

Qaḍā

 administrative division historically used in the Ottoman Empire and currently used in several of its successor states

Qāḍī
Qaṣāṣ

Punishment- criminal treated as they treated there victim.

Qiblah

Direction of kacbah, Muslims face when they pray

Qīrāṭ

Traditional unit land measurement. 1 feddan = 24 qīrāts.

Qirā’āt

The ten accepted methods of reciting the Qur'ān.

qiṣṣa, pl. qiṣaṣ

story

Qiwāmah

Literally leadership; responsibility of men to protect women.

qiyās

analogical reason 

Qur'ān
Qur'āniyūn

Muslims or Islamic thinkers who reject the sunnah and the hadith tradition, relying only on the Quran as the source for  Islamic theology, social and legal thought. 

Quraysh

Major tribe around Mecca, where Prophet Muhammad originated.

Qurbān

Gifts, offerings, oblations offered to get closer to God.

Qur’ān

Muslims believe the Qur'ān is the compilation of God's revelations. 

Ramaḍān

Ninth month Islamic calendar. Muslims fast from sunrise - sunset.

raqaʿa

prescribed movements in islamic prayer

Rawāfid
Ribā

Usury or interest the money lender takes.

Riddah

Apostasy from Islam.

Ruqayya
Rūwaibidah

 

the Holy Qur`ān described as ‘vile and base men who control the affairs of the people'

 

ruʾīa
Sabt al-Nūr
Sabt La’āzir
ṣaḥābah
ṣaḥīḥ ("authentic"), ḥasan ("valuable") and ḍaʻīf ("weak")

criteria of hadith

Sahm

Traditional unit of land. Seven sahms equal 1 qīrāt.

Sahm al-Thiqah (A Foreign Organization In Egypt)
ṣakk, pl. ṣukūk

Islamic bonds, they represent the ownership in an asset without infringing the priciples of Islamic finance that prohibits interest (ribā)

Salafī

Practitioner of salafism. Used to describe someone as rigid.

Salafīyah

Early generations of Muslims. Pious models of devotion.

Salām
Sanad

Chain of hadīths passed on by oral tradition.

ṣa’īdī

Coptic dialect 

Shafāʿah

Intercession, mediation

Shāfi‘ī

One of four main schools of fiqh/jurisprudence.

Shahādah

First pillar of Islam. Declaration of faith.

Shahīd

witness or martyr. The term Shahid occurs frequently in the Qur'an where it means "witness." Only once it occurs with the meaning of  martyr, that is someone who died for his faith. Shahid as martyr acquires a wider use in the hadiths.

Shamm al-Nasīm

Egyptian spring festival that dates back to the Pharaohs.

Sharif
Sharīʿah

Body of legislation derived from Qur’an and Sunna.

shayākha
Shaykh

In Islam: Islamic teacher, also used for an older respected man who has good knowledge of Islam. In Christianity: Elders in the Presbyterian Church. Plural:shuyūkh

Shaʿabān
Shirk

Polytheism- worship multiply gods/idols in addition to God. Strongly denounced in Islam.

Shīʿī

Is the person who belongs to the Shī‘ah, a branch of Islam. 

Shī‘ah

Refers to followers of cAli Ibn Abi Talib. Branch of Islam (Shiism).

Shūrā

Consultation, council of Islamic organization. 

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