t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
Nakba

military fiasco

Naksa Day

Day of Setback is the lost war of Egypt against Israel in June 1967

Naqīb

Litt: captain. Rank in the Muslim Brotherhood that follows the Akh al-ʿamal. The Naqib can, in principle, be elected into any position including the possibility of becoming the movement’s ‘Supreme Guide’

Nāshiz

Husband or a wife who is disobedient.

Naskh

Islamic science involving the replacement of legal ruling.

Nassārá
neo-ijtihād

“Muhammad Rashīd Ridā (1865-1935) was the proponent of another modern theory of Islamic law which came to be termed neo-ijtihād " (see Arab-West Papers Nr. 40)

Nīqāb

Headscarf- covers the head, body, face and sometimes eyes.

Nīshān al-Kamāl‎

the decoration of a highest level of orders reserved exclusively to members of the royal family of Muhammad Ali, the ruler of Egypt, and politicians.

Nīyah
Pasha

Civil or military official in the Ottoman Empire.

Qaḍā

 administrative division historically used in the Ottoman Empire and currently used in several of its successor states

Qāḍī
Qaṣāṣ

Punishment- criminal treated as they treated there victim.

Qawmiyyah

Homonym which contains both the concepts of Arab nationalism and unification nationalism (Pan-Arabism).

Qiblah

Direction of kacbah, Muslims face when they pray

Qīrāṭ

Traditional unit land measurement. 1 feddan = 24 qīrāts.

Qirā’āt

The ten accepted methods of reciting the Qur'ān.

qiṣṣa, pl. qiṣaṣ

story

Qiwāmah

Literally leadership; responsibility of men to protect women.

qiyās

analogical reason 

Qur'ān
Qur'āniyūn

Muslims or Islamic thinkers who reject the sunnah and the hadith tradition, relying only on the Quran as the source for  Islamic theology, social and legal thought. 

Quraysh

Major tribe around Mecca, where Prophet Muhammad originated.

Qurbān

Gifts, offerings, oblations offered to get closer to God.

Qur’ān

Muslims believe the Qur'ān is the compilation of God's revelations. 

Rab’ah
Ramaḍān

Ninth month Islamic calendar. Muslims fast from sunrise - sunset.

raqaʿa

prescribed movements in islamic prayer

Rawāfid
Ribā

Usury or interest the money lender takes.

Riddah

Apostasy from Islam.

Risālah

Term with religious origin meaning “mission”.

Ruqayya
Rūwaibidah

 

the Holy Qur`ān described as ‘vile and base men who control the affairs of the people'

 

ruʾīa
Sabt al-Nūr
Sabt La’āzir
ṣaḥābah
ṣaḥīḥ ("authentic"), ḥasan ("valuable") and ḍaʻīf ("weak")

criteria of hadith

Sahm

Traditional unit of land. Seven sahms equal 1 qīrāt.

Sahm al-Thiqah (A Foreign Organization In Egypt)
ṣakk, pl. ṣukūk

Islamic bonds, they represent the ownership in an asset without infringing the priciples of Islamic finance that prohibits interest (ribā)

Salafī

Practitioner of salafism. Used to describe someone as rigid.

Salafīyah

Early generations of Muslims. Pious models of devotion.

Salām
Ṣalāt
Sanad

Chain of hadīths passed on by oral tradition.

ṣa’īdī

Coptic dialect 

Shafāʿah

Intercession, mediation

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