t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
ṣa’īdī

Coptic dialect 

Shafāʿah

Intercession, mediation

Shāfi‘ī

One of four main schools of fiqh/jurisprudence.

Shahādah

First pillar of Islam. Declaration of faith.

Shahīd

witness or martyr. The term Shahid occurs frequently in the Qur'an where it means "witness." Only once it occurs with the meaning of  martyr, that is someone who died for his faith. Shahid as martyr acquires a wider use in the hadiths.

Shamm al-Nasīm

Egyptian spring festival that dates back to the Pharaohs.

Sharif
Sharīʿah

Body of legislation derived from Qur’an and Sunna.

shayākha
Shaykh

In Islam: Islamic teacher, also used for an older respected man who has good knowledge of Islam. In Christianity: Elders in the Presbyterian Church. Plural:shuyūkh

Shaʿabān
Shirk

Polytheism- worship multiply gods/idols in addition to God. Strongly denounced in Islam.

Shīʿī

Is the person who belongs to the Shī‘ah, a branch of Islam. 

Shī‘ah

Refers to followers of cAli Ibn Abi Talib. Branch of Islam (Shiism).

Shūrā

Consultation, council of Islamic organization. 

Shūrā Council

Egypt’s upper bicameral chamber (pre-2014)

Shuyūkh

Plural of Shaykh

Sīrah

Biography of Prophet Muhammad. Refered to as “al-sīrah al-nabawīyah”.

Subū‘

The seventh day after birth of child, wedding, etc.

Sufi ṭarīqa

litt: Path.  This term refers to a religious fraternity following a particular school of Sufism -- the inner mystical dimension of Islam- with lines of initiation going back for many hundreds of years to the founding Shaykh (and ultimately to the Prophet) in which spiritual guidance is provided by the living shaykh who initiates members and leads the collective invocation of the Names of God which generally is the fundamental methodology (Definition of Sufi Muslim Prof. Abdallah Schleifer febr 6, 2016)

Sufūr

For Muslims women it is uncovering the face

Suḥūr

Dawn Meal, during Ramaḍān, before day of fasting.

Sulḥ

It means "peace" as opposed to war. It is derived from the same root as Arabic word musalaha meaning reconciliation. In Islamic Law it means an "amicable settlement."

Sultān
Sunnah

Collection of recorded words/actions of Prophet Muhammad.

Sunnī

Islamic sect- accepts first four caliphs as Muhammad's successors.

Sūrah

Qurān is composed of 114 Surahs, or chapters.

Synaxar
Synaxarium

Liturgical book, lists of saints, in Coptic Orthodox church

Ṣaḥābah

Companions, disciples or close friends of the Prophet.

Ṣūfī

One who practices ṣūfism.

Ṣūfīyah

Mystical tradition of Islam based on spiritual truth.

tabīb

medecine man (preislamic)

Tablīgh

Order to Prophet Muhammad to deliver Islam's message.

tafakkur
Tafsīr
Tahajjud

Optional prayers during the third part of nighttime.

tahjīr
taḥrīf
takālīf (Islamic obligations)
takfīdī
Takfīr

The act of accusing a Muslim of apostasy.

Takfīrī

A Muslim who accuses another Muslim of apostasy

Ṭalaʿa al-Badr ʿalaynā min thaniyāt al-wadāʿ‎

The full moon has risen above the Mountain Pass of Farewell), and is a mountain pass located in the south of Median ‎towards Mecca.‎

Taqīyah

Practice in Shīcah Islam to hide beliefs for protection.

taqlīd

a term in islamic legal terminology that means "to follow" a precedent verdict in a similar juridical case  

Tarāwīḥ

Extra prayers by sunni Muslims at night in Ramadān.

tardīyah

hunting poetry

tariqa ḥaḍra ‎
tasbīḥa kiyahkiyyā

the psalmody of Kiahk, that is, during the nativity fast or advent of the Coptic Church, before Christmas celebrated on the eve of January 6

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