t_glossary

Glossary terms

List of terms used in taxonomy "glossary".
Click on term name to access articles associated with that term

Term Name Term description
tashahud

 is the portion of salat (obligatory prayer) where the Muslim kneels on the ground facing Qibla in Mecca

Tashrīʾ

Legislation

Tathīr

litt.: “the purge,” a Muslim Brotherhood term for transitional justice

Tawāshīḥ
Tawḥīd

Oneness of God/Divine Unity, fundamental Islamic tenets.

Tayammum

Dry ablution in Islam.

thawābit

principles in Islam

the Kharijites
theotokos
Ṭūba
Um al-Dunyā
Umm al-Misriyīn

mother of all Egyptians was the title given to Safiyya Zaghlūl who supported the protesters who took the streets against the British Occupation in 1919.

 

Umma al-Qibtiya
Ummah

Literally “nation.” In Islam, describes the worldwide Muslim community

Urz bil-laban ‎

rice pudding, a traditional dessert, orginating from the 15th century  during the Ottoman rule in Egypt

usūl

roots in Islam

Waḍʿ al-yad
Wahābī

Wahhabism, strict orthodox branch of Saudi Aabian Sunnī Islam.

Wahābīyah

Term for revival of the Salafism by Muhammad Ibn cAbd al-Wahhāb.

waḥawī yā waḥawī, Iyāḥā’‎

welcome moon, ‘which was the name of the Pharaonic Queen, Iyāḥā, and became a Muslim tradition used during the fast month of Ramadan

Walī

Word meaning “trusted one”

waqf
Wasaṭiyya

litt: middle, term used by politically engaged Muslims to describe that they are moderate

Waṭan

Term with religious origin meaning “nation” or “homeland”.

Waṭaniyyah

State-based nationalism or state patriotism.

Wuḍū’

Ablution before prayer.

Yashmak

Close to Burqac, Turkish

Yazīdī

A Kurdish religion with ancient Indo-European roots

Zabalīn

a slum dweller

Zabībah

Literally: currant. A brownish spot on a Muslim’s forehead.

Zaghārīd

Shrills of joy, by women, expression of happiness.

Zakāh (zakāt)

Alms tax, alms, almsgiving, purification, poor rate, an obligatory charity tax of 2.5% annually.

Zakāh al-Rikāz

The root of the word rikāz means "to stay still". It is a percentage of buried treasures or sometimes natural ores underground.

zawāj al-ṣafqa

transactional or “summer” marriages‎

Zāwiyah

Small prayer area/mosque conveniently located for residents.

Zaydī

A Shiite school named after the Imām Zayd Ibn cAlī.

Zaytūna
zaywas
zikr
zwayas
ʿabāya
ʿAlawī
ʿĀlim

 

‘Ālim  A Muslim religious scholar. The plural or collectivity of ‘Ālim  are the ‘Ulamā᾿

 

ʿaqīda
ʿarrāf

fortune teller

ʿAshūrā’

10th day of Muharram, day of mourning, commemorated by Shiites.

ʿAwrah

Parts of body must be covered, public place.

ʿĪd al-Aḍḥā

Feast that marks end of period of ḥajj.

ʿĪd al-fiṭr

Feast- new moon, end month-long fast- Ramaḍān.

ʿīd al-Nayrūz

Coptic New Year

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